Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


10th International Conference; Stockholm, Sweden; 2019

Event Details

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Paper Session #76
Multiple Approaches to Substance Use and Addiction
Monday, September 30, 2019
9:00 AM–9:50 AM
Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre, Level 2, C2
Chair: Júnnia Maria Moreira (Universidade Federal do Vale do Sao Francisco )
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Mindfulness on the Drug Abuse Treatment: A Review
Area: CBM
Domain: Theory
JÚNNIA MARIA MOREIRA (Universidade Federal do Vale do Sao Francisco ), Gleydiane Trindade (Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco)
Abstract: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) besides mindfulness-based interventions have been effective on drug abuse treatment. Drug abuse can be considered as an impulsive behavior in that it produces long-term disadvantages even though immediate pleasure. The present work aimed to perform a systematic review in which Cochrane Library, Lilacs, Medline, PsyINFO, Web of Science, Scielo, Science Direct, Pepsic, Index Psi and PubMed were searched for articles published between 2000 to 2018. The following descriptors present on articles abstracts were used: Drug Abuse AND Mindfulness; Drug Abuse AND Acceptance and Commitment Therapy; Drug Abuse AND Relational Frame Theory. We only included empirical intervention articles, with the full text available, and written in English. We excluded from the analysis protocol descriptions, pilot studies, reviews, correlational and case studies. We found 631 articles, among which 18 was selected according to eligible criteria, four articles about ACT and 14 about mindfulness. All ACT and 13 mindfulness articles demonstrate favorable results on drug use and addiction, abstinence, relapse, treatment adherence, non-judging of inner experience, among other measures. We came into a conclusion that ACT-based besides mindfulness-based interventions are effective on drug abuse and drug addiction treatment.
Aversive Control in Substance Abuse
Area: PCH
Domain: Theory
FERNANDA CASTANHO CALIXTO (Federal University of São Carlos and Paradigma Centre for Sciences and Behavioral Technology), Maria de Jesus Dutra Dutra dos Reis (Federal University of São Carlos), Roberto Banaco (Paradigma Centre for Sciences and Behavioral Technology)
Abstract: Substance abuse is a behavioral pattern that negatively affects health. Specifically, regarding tobacco and alcohol, along the decades, behavioral analytic studies have investigated variables related to their consumption. The aim of the present study was to conduct a systematic review of behavioral experimental studies over the 1960s to the 2010s decades. Two groups of descriptors were combined for article search. Group 1’s descriptors were: smoking, tobacco abuse, tobacco dependence, smokers, drinking, alcohol dependence, alcoholic, and alcoholism. Group 2’s were: behavior analysis, habit change, behavior change, behavioral therapy, and contingency management. Experimental studies whose main gold was to reduce smoking and alcohol abuse were analyzed. The search was conducted in scientific databases (Apa, Pubmed, Scielo, and PsycINFO). 240 articles were found and 65 were selected for analysis, which consisted of the identification of dependent variables and independent variables. Overall results demonstrated that throughout the ´60s and ’70s, aversive smoking control was widely used. In the following decades, such control suffered a steep decline. From the ’80s onward, the monetary reinforcement contingent to abstinence (contingency management) was the main target variable. In the paper, the role of aversive control on behavior and the feasibility of using large-scale monetary reinforcements are discussed.



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