Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


31st Annual Convention; Chicago, IL; 2005

Event Details

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Paper Session #435
OBM in Human Service Settings
Tuesday, May 31, 2005
10:30 AM–11:20 AM
Joliet (3rd floor)
Area: OBM
Chair: Jamie Waldvogel (Southern Illinois University)
Rearranging the Contingencies of Reinforcement in a Shelter Home
Domain: Applied Research
ANTHONY C. STOVER (Behavior Analysis & Therapy, Inc.), Stephen P. Starin (Behavior Analysis & Therapy, Inc.)
Abstract: The study consisted of a two-part training with a follow-up component to increase the probability of maintenance and generalization. The first training consisted of a standardized course focusing on the prevention of severe problem behaviors and placement disruptions among dependent children. Results of the first training displayed continuous inconsistencies in the implementation of the shelter’s level system and continuous reliance on delivering chore cards instead of tokens. The second training consisted of the re-training of the level system and implementation based on the principles of behavior. Results displayed an increase in client performance, performance levels, and consistent distribution of tokens along with a decrease in opportunities to deliver chore cards. A follow-up component was initiated to maintain the behaviors and generalize the procedures to new staff. Results indicated maintenance and generalization across time, staff, and clients.
Preference and Reinforcer Assessments with Direct Care Staff in a Human Service Agency
Domain: Service Delivery
JAMIE WALDVOGEL (Southern Illinois University), Mark R. Dixon (Southern Illinois University)
Abstract: The present study compared two variations of stimulus preference assessments: a survey in which direct service employees ranked their preferences for a variety of items, and a multiple stimulus preference assessments without replacement (MSWO), in which textual cues were used to represent the items. Results obtained for 3 participants revealedsimilar preference hierarchies across each type of stimulus preference assessment for two of the three participants, with one participant demonstrating variations in her preference hierarchy during the MSWO, when compared with the ranking survey. Subsequent reinforcer assessments revealed that, for two of three participants, both the most and least preferred items functioned as reinforcers for job performance, resulting in better performance when compared to initial levels observed during baseline. Subsequent reversals to baseline conditions failed to produce predicted decreases in performance suggesting that natural contingencies, the presence of the observer, or both may have sustained high levels of job performance.



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