Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


31st Annual Convention; Chicago, IL; 2005

Event Details

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Paper Session #177
Parents’ Roles in Behavioral Intervention
Sunday, May 29, 2005
10:30 AM–11:50 AM
Stevens 5 (Lower Level)
Area: AUT
Chair: Jack Scott (Florida Atlantic University)
Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention: 2004-2005 International Survey of Parents Conducting Home Programs
Domain: Service Delivery
JACK SCOTT (Florida Atlantic University), Jessica Wassung (Florida Atlantic University)
Abstract: The authors conducted an Internet survey of parents who managed home-based early intensive behavioral intervention efforts for their child with autism. The survey limited responses to families with children with autism or a closely related disorder between the ages of 1 and 8 years. Survey questions sough information on the nature of behavioral training, staffing, programs funding, number of hours of intervention, and overall parent satisfaction. The survey was distributed via the internet and aimed at parent support groups, internet information sites and behavioral agencies. This survey is a continuation of previous efforts (Scott and Oliver, 2004, Scott, 2002) further expanded in scope so as to capture respondents from additional countries and with greater attention to program costs and parent management and satisfaction. The findings suggest that while satisfaction is high, costs continue to be a very heavy burden on families. Program costs and comparison of costs between countries are provided.
Understanding How Families Manage Their ABA Programmes: The Parent Interview Project
Domain: Applied Research
CORINNA F. GRINDLE (University of Southampton, UK), Hanna Kovshoff (University of Southampton, UK), Bob Remington (University of Southampton, UK), Richard P. Hastings (University of Wales, Bangor)
Abstract: Although researchers have naturally concentrated their efforts on how much children can improve with early intensive behavioural intervention (EIBI), there has been less interest in the impact of EIBI on families of children with autism. The purpose of the current research was to find out more about parents’ experiences of setting up and running an EIBI programme in their own home. A semi-structured interview format was used to interview eighty parents, including both mothers and fathers, following two years of EIBI. Detailed first person accounts were obtained regarding such topics as the nature and level of parents’ involvement in the programme, the perceived benefits and pitfalls of running an EIBI programme in the home and the impact of EIBI on family life and support systems. The data obtained is highly relevant for promoting the more widspread and effective use of EIBI. Not least because service providers need to be aware of each and every effect on family life—whether positive or negative—of engagement in EIBI intervention so that appropriate advice and support can be provided.
A Theoretical Examination of the Motivation and Buy-In for Parents Seeking ABA Services
Domain: Applied Research
CRISTIN HARRISON (University of Nevada, Reno), Ginger R. Wilson (University of Nevada, Reno)
Abstract: An increasing trend towards the use of parents as change agents for their children is evidenced by the growing literature on parent training. This trend that began in the early 1970’s was necessitated by the shortages of personnel within the mental health field and revised service delivery approaches (Bernal & North, 1978). During this time, treatment began to move from a client-centered approach to a mediator model, which stresses the importance of parents as the change agents after training with a consultant. This move was imposed by the need to train those in the child’s natural social environment to bring about durable, generalized, and long-term change. As more parents are seeking treatment, it is imperative to determine parental motivation prior to and throughout the consultation relationship to ensure parental adherence. Currently, there have been minimal programmatic efforts to explore the variables that affect treatment adherence in the same way that behavior analysts have investigated the issue of treatment effectiveness. Although this has been addressed in the medical adherence literature, the focus has been almost entirely on the prediction of adherence based on subject variables rather than the control of adherence as a function of its consequences (Allen & Warzak, 2000). The purpose of this paper is to investigate the functional relationships that predict parental adherence. Specifically, it will address the issues of buy-in, the role of causational belief systems, social community interactions and the effects of captured and contrived parental motivation.



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