Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


First International Conference; Italy, 2001

Event Details

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Paper Session #37
Clinical Applications of Behavior Analysis
Thursday, November 29, 2001
2:00 PM–2:50 PM
White Hall
Area: CBM
Chair: Elsa C. Ritter Alvarez (.)
Evaluation of a Behavior Therapy Preventive Treatment for Chronic Pain
Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
JOANNE DAHL (University of Gävle, Sweden), Anita Nilsson (University of Gävle, Sweden)
Abstract: Due to the great increase of sick listing, reports of work disabilities and early retirement due to the muscularskeletal chronic pain, prevention studies at the work- site are greatly needed. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of a behavioral work-site intervention on a group of public health workers judged to be at risk for developing chronic pain. Following baseline measurements, a group of 29 practical nurses with daily pain symptoms working at services for the elderly were randomized into two conditions: an active treatment based on cognitive behavior therapy and a passive treatment based on traditional symptom alleviation. The two treatment conditions provided by a registered nurse and a physical therapist, took place 30 minutes a week respectively, once a week, on an individual basis for four weeks at the work-site during work-time. Results at 4 and 8 weeks and at a 6, 12 and 24 month follow-ups showed improvements for those individuals receiving the active treatment with regard to the reduction of: use of pain-killers, perception of one-self as being sick and the fear-avoidance response to work-related activities. It was concluded that short-term work-site programs for the prevention of chronic pain for individuals at risk may show to be a promising development in the treatment of pain.
The Role of Verbal Behavior in Clinical Applications of Behavior Modification
Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
Abstract: The practice of clinical psychology, including the behavioral version of it, is based on the verbal interchange between the individual who requires this type of assistance and the psychologist. Since only a small fraction of an individual’s life occurs in front of the therapist, clinical practice is centered on a set of recommendations that are usually taken as a communicational act. However, in the training of behavioral therapists as well as the applications in clinical practice, the nature of verbal or linguistic behavior and its links with other dilemmatic behavior as well as its role as a fundamental instrument in clinical situations is often overlooked. In the light of these considerations, a comparison is made between the most frequent behavioral practices in clinical settings and the concepts that support them and between these and alternative behavioral models, in order to identify possible inconsistencies between theoretical considerations and their technological derivatives. In addition, the functions that verbal mediation can have in this type of professional applications is examined.



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