Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


Fourth International Conference; Australia, 2007

Event Details

Previous Page


Poster Session #45
#45 International Poster Session - EDC
Monday, August 13, 2007
5:00 PM–6:30 PM
Level 4 Lobby
32. Improvement of Submission Ratio of Paper Works by Performance Management Technique in Child Care Students.
Area: EDC; Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
MAORI GONDO (Kinki University Toyooka Junior College)
Abstract: Submitting routine paper works and paper reports on time are fundamental and essential skills for the staff working at the child care facilities. This simple rule however, is not acquired by college students especially for freshman. To improve their performance in submission, performance management technique was used for the practical training period at the facility. Submitting necessary documents to college on time was defined as a target behavior. Students were given a questionnaire about what they have to do. They also were provided check lists which described all behavioral process in summation of documents. In addition to these materials, they were asked to confirm these completion of submission each other in small group (group contingency). There are three deal lines of submitting papers to collage during practical training period. ABA design was used; the interventions were done in the first and the third deal lines. Student’s submission ratio was 100% for two sessions used this intervention and 80% for the session without this intervention. Hundred submission ratios was first phenomenon for last ten years at this collage. This result indicates an availability of intervention using performance management technique.
33. Personalized System of Instruction: Some Aversive Contingencies.
Area: EDC; Domain: Experimental Analysis
JOAO CLAUDIO TODOROV (Universidad Catolica de Goias), Marcio Moreira (Instituto de Educacao Superior de Brasilia)
Abstract: Introductory courses in learning, motivation and history of psychology were designed using Keller's personalized system of instruction as it was originally used in the University of Brasilia in 1964. There was no time limit for completion of all study units. One student took more than 80 weeks to finish a 16-weeks course, with long pauses between tests. Procrastination decreased dramatically when punished with fees, with a later addition of class attendance as a requirement.
34. The Effects of Two Techniques on Student Participation with African American Boys with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders.
Area: EDC; Domain: Experimental Analysis
KAREN B. PATTERSON (University of North Florida), Janice Seabrooks-Blackmore (University of North Florida), Susan Syverud (University of North Florida)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of two active responding techniques (i.e., hand raising, response card) on student participation and on-task behavior in African American boys with emotional and behavioral disorders. Data were collected on six fourth grader's active responding, on-task, and inappropriate behaviors during mathematics instruction. An alternating treatment design was used to examine the effects of the independent variable. Result indicated that the response card technique was more efficient for all six participants across all dependent measures.
35. The Use of Video Modeling with Intermittent Coaching and Feedback for Staff Training in Presentation/Training Skills.
Area: EDC; Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
CYNTHIA R. BLACKLEDGE (Lizard Children's Centre), Elizabeth Watson (Lizard Children's Centre and Woodbury School)
Abstract: As Behavior Analysis has disseminated across various countries, initial training efforts have been hampered by the dearth of trained professionals. The area of staff training becomes paramount in expanding the number of trained personnel in any one geographic area or discipline. For those organizations addressing the issue of minimal trained staff, modifications in exemplar training methods are made while integrity of treatment outcomes attempts to be preserved. The use of video modeling with staff in an effort to increase the number of trained professionals at an intensive behavioral treatment program was examined. The skill examined was providing presentations and workshops on basic intervention skills (educational and behavioral) for an intensive behavioral treatment program. The video modeling was supplemented with intermittent coaching on presentations (outside of the presentation / workshop) and feedback (written evaluations by attendees and infrequent observations by trained staff). Behaviors for a successful presentation were identified and then measured in a self-monitoring format as well as during the infrequent observations (in-vivo and via video sampling). This modification of typical modeling, coaching, prompting, and extended training interventions was implemented in an effort to increase trained professionals using the minimal number of trained staff available.
36. Use of Siblings as a Motivational Operation in Food Refusal Programs for Children.
Area: EDC; Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
CYNTHIA R. BLACKLEDGE (Lizard Children's Centre), Michelle A. Furminger (Lizard Children's Centre)
Abstract: Feeding refusal, both food and liquid forms, has been investigated more thoroughly over the past twenty years. Previous research suggests that positive reinforcement alone is insufficient for increasing consumption, and that escape extinction often is necessary to increase and maintain food acceptance. NCR may decrease inappropriate behavior for some participants in feeding programs. In this present study two children, ages 4 and 7 years, were participating in feeding refusal programs with the goal of establishing flexibility in their eating and drinking repertoires. Escape extinction with NCR was implemented. Due to the challenging behaviors observed with each child and the concerns of program implementation with family members an additional component, each child’s sibling joining the program and functioning as a motivational operation, was added. The latency to eating each bite of food and the challenging behaviors observed for both children decreased significantly. In addition, the number of food items, the variety of food items and the rate of mastery for food items with each child increased.
37. Using ‘Behavioural Consultation’ to Address Behavioural Difficulties in a High School Setting.
Area: EDC; Domain: Service Delivery
TRUDY POCOCK (University of Waikato, New Zealand)
Abstract: High schools can be difficult educational facilities to work in because of the complexity of their structures, their size, and the number of teachers that have contact with any one student. The purpose of this presentation is to outline how a behavioural consultation method was used to address the behavioural needs of a class of low-achieving students in a local New Zealand high school. The main challenges that had to be faced will be covered. Data will also be shared that demonstrates how professional development provided to key teachers affected both individual teacher’s and the students’ overall behaviour in the classroom. Longitudinal data will demonstrate how well these effects were maintained over time.



Back to Top
Modifed by Eddie Soh