Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


36th Annual Convention; San Antonio, TX; 2010

Event Details

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Paper Session #81
Applied Behavior Analysis and Service Delivery
Saturday, May 29, 2010
4:00 PM–4:20 PM
217B (CC)
Area: DDA
Chair: Darren Bowring (States of Jersey, UK, Special Needs Service)
The Use of Staff Greetings to Increase On-Task Behaviour in a Supported Work Scheme
Domain: Service Delivery
DARREN BOWRING (States of Jersey, UK, Special Needs Service), Sandy Toogood (Wales Centre for Behaviour Analysis, University of Wales)
Abstract: Background: Adults with intellectual disabilities must show acceptable levels of on-task behaviour in the workplace. A previous study found student on-task behaviour increased during the first 10-minutes of class when teachers delivered a pre-session greeting. We investigated the effect of a pre-session greeting from staff on levels of on-task behaviour shown by three people with intellectual disabilities in the workplace. Method: Nicolas, Emma and Ian participated in the study. We conducted a brief functional assessment of participant off-task behaviour and trained staff to deliver or withhold a simple pre-session greeting. We used an A-B-A-B design and measured participant on-task behaviour, pre-session staff greetings and within-session staff verbal attention for 20-minutes. Results: Participants spent more time on-task when they were greeted than when they were not, irrespective of functional assessment results. Participants received more staff contact in sessions that started with a greeting. The effect was most apparent during the first 10-minutes of session. Discussion: Staff greetings are a potentially low-cost and technically undemanding way for staff to increase on-task behaviour. The implications for services and future research are discussed.



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