|Organizational Behavior Management in Italy|
|Monday, May 31, 2010|
|9:00 AM–10:20 AM |
|Republic A (Grand Hyatt)|
|Area: OBM; Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis|
|Chair: Fabio Tosolin (AARBA)|
|Abstract: Precision Teaching, OBM and B-BS: “the state of the art”. Historical and methodological issues and applied researches in large companies in Italy .|
|Precision Teaching: “The State of the A” to Build Effective e-Learning. Historical and Methodological Issues and Applied Researches in Large Railway Companies and in a Helicopter Company in Italy|
|FABIO TOSOLIN (AARBA), Adriano Bacchetta (AARBA), Elena Algarotti (AARBA), Maria Gatti (AARBA)|
|Abstract: The lecture is focused on the importance of scientific methodology in the e-learning design. Precision Teaching is presented from both a methodological and applied point of view. A particular light will be put on the use of PT as the most adequate measurement tool and the state of the art procedure for instruction and training via e-learning. Precision Teaching exclusive adequacy in achieving both accuracy (rate of response) and speed (frequency of response) will be discussed. The authors trace the evolution of procedures and findings associated with fluency, discuss on the folly of traditional e-learning without frequent, immediate and contingent feedback and analyze the need of an experimental analysis in developing and delivering effective e-learning in specific areas of complex behavior. An experimental research in two large railway companies in Italy was made to compare the effect of precision teaching vs traditional learning methods. The adoption of PT training in e-learning dramatically reduces learning time, increases fluency (accuracy plus speed) and develops stronger resistance to extinction.|
|From Teaching Machines to the Exploitation of Virtual and Augmented Reality: Role of Behavior Analysis to Support Manual Workers in Aerospace Industry Within European Project ManuVAR|
|GUIDO TOSOLIN (AARBA), Alessandro Valdina (AARBA)|
|Abstract: In 1958 Harvard professor B.F. Skinner invented teaching machine applying the laws of behavior to consequence-providing machine. The revolutionary idea of putting together learning psychology and electromechanical systems led to instruments that could detect and measure response and automatically provide consequences in order to make learning more effective and pleasant. Notwithstanding the great effectiveness of these machines, their application was limited because, despite maturity of behavior laws, electro-mechanical technology of that time offered limited possibilities to measure behaviors and to provide antecedents and consequences in a likely simulated environment.
Nowadays, development of technologies such as Virtual and Augmented Reality offers great opportunity to exploit laws of behavior and to use them in new teaching machine where the content (behavior laws) remained the same while “external appearance” (electromechanical devices) has highly improved. They are already employed in training application like flight and driving simulators.
In 2009 EU project ManuVAR started with the aim to exploit Virtual and Augmented Reality in order to support manual work. The project will develop a technological platform and will apply it in 5 different industrial cases throughout Europe. A.A.R.B.A. (Association for the Advancement of Radical Behavior Analysis) is leader of the Italian industrial case and will apply behavior laws to provide training and to improve performance of manual workers in aerospace component assembly facilities of Thales Alenia Space, one of the worldwide leaders for aerospace infrastructures.|
|The Growth of Organizational Behavior Management in Italy and Europe: How to Involve Governmental, Institutional, Scientific and Productive Organizations on Disseminating Behavioral Safety and More|
|FABIO TOSOLIN (AARBA)|
|Abstract: Organizational Behavior Management (OBM) is far to be largely adopted in the European countries. Most of the institutional, scientific and productive organizations has poor, if any, knowledge about Performance Management or Behavior-Based Safety. Further, very few companies adopt Training Technologies which are based on the law and the principles of Behavior Analysis. Governmental institutions ignore the findings of Behavior Analysis and consequently many decisions and bylaw managerial rules inhibit productive and safety performances instead of facilitate it.
Nevertheless, in the last five years a complex, integrated approach to spread ABA in all the areas of the Italian society was performed by a small group of behavior analysts, with particular emphasis in the field of B-BS (Behavior-Based Safety). The astonishing effects of such an approach in the governmental, academic, associative, professional and industrial are reported and the elements which leaded to such results are analyzed and proposed as a standard.
The author speaks about how to plan and to implement an integrated approach for a fast and effective dissemination and adoption of ABA methods at a national/international level.|
|Behavior Based Safety as a Scientific Tool to Get Safety Measurable Results in the Workplace: The Application of Behavior Based Safety in a Glassworks|
|MARIA GATTI (AARBA), Paola Silva (AARBA), Carlo Sala Cattaneo (AARBA), Andrea Torretta (AARBA)|
|Abstract: The implementation in a glassworks of a Behaviour and Values Based Safety Program (VBSP) it founds on the awareness that the most of work-related events in which an injury or fatality occurred (very little in this company: ones a year in the last three years) is due to behaviours, actions, insecure habits, more than inadequate structural conditions or not available DPI. B-BS allows to drastically reduce the number of accidents in a measurable way, trough the observation and reinforcement of workers’ safe behaviours (i.e. wearing the DPIs, anticipating the supervisors’ requests, acting in absence of specific orders or in presence of competing alternatives...). Any safety behaviour can be put under control acting on the root "causes" of the safe/unsafe behaviours and manipulating their contingencies. Verbal and even emotional behaviours can be considered, developing the organization’s safety values and culture, the main problem in this company. The purpose to brief term of the realization of B-BS Program is the reduction of at-risk behaviours, with contextual increase of the sure behaviours through the survey of the frequency of the behaviours before, later and during the intervention. Consider the lower index of accidents that is verified in the company, the objective to middle term of program is the maintenance of the safe behaviors. The authors illustrate the results during first months of the application of the program.|