|Perspectives on Culture: Radical Behaviorism, Interbehaviorism, Buddhism, and Hinduism
|Monday, May 31, 2010
|1:30 PM–2:20 PM
|Bonham B (Grand Hyatt)
|Chair: Todd A. Ward (University of Nevada, Reno)
|A Comparison of Radical Behaviorism, Buddhism, and Hinduism: An Inquiry
|TODD F. HAYDON (CECH, University of Cincinnati)
|Abstract: In a recent article published in The Behavior Analyst, Diller and Lattal (2008) draw comparisons between radical behaviorism and Buddhism. The authors compare these two philosophies and conclude that showing commonalities may enhance an understanding of both philosophical systems. In a follow up response, (Haydon, 2009) provided supplemental material to Diller and Lattal’s paper in order to support the original argument that the two systems of thought (radical behaviorism and Buddhism) have several common themes. The purpose of this presentation is to review main points and elaborate on the second paper. Specifically, additional common themes between radical behaviorism, Buddhism, and Hinduism will be examined so that participants can gain a deeper understanding of several central concepts common to these schools of thought. In particular, topics that will be covered are: the Buddhist and Hindu definition of enlightenment, non-doership and non-volitional living, negative and positive reinforcement, free will, verbal behavior (divine passive voice), and private events.
|Radical Behavioral and Interbehavioral Perspectives on Culture: Systemization and Integration for the 21st Century
|TODD A. WARD (Univeristy of Nevada, Reno), Ramona Houmanfar (University of Nevada, Reno)
|Abstract: The analysis of culture may be seen as one of the last remaining frontiers of behavior analysis. The authors provide a comprehensive review of the primary works of B. F. Skinner and J. R. Kantor with respect to Radical Behavioral and Interbehavioral perspectives on the relation of culture to individual behavior. This review is supplemented with an analysis of relevant literature said to adhere to one or both perspectives to-date. The authors compare and contrast the tenants of Radical Behaviorism and Interbehaviorism as outlined by Skinner and Kantor as they relate to cultural phenomena. An analysis of subsequent developments by behavior analysts stemming from the original works of Skinner and Kantor will be discussed to provide a picture of the evolution of both perspectives into the present day. In conclusion, this paper attempts to integrate Radical Behavioral and Interbehavioral perspectives on culture toward the establishment of a comprehensive system of cultural behavior analysis fully integrated with modern developments in the field.