|Complex Verbal Behavior
|Saturday, May 29, 2010
|4:00 PM–4:20 PM
|Chair: Svein Eikeseth (Akershus University College)
|The Role of Modeling and Automatic Reinforcement in the Development of Verbal Behavior in Typically Developing Children. A Replication of Wright (2006).
|Domain: Experimental Analysis
|Leni Øestvik (Akershus University College), SVEIN EIKESETH (Akershus University College)
|Abstract: The present study was designed to evaluate the role of modeling and automatic reinforcement in the construction of passive voice in typical developing children. Participants were six three-to-five-years-old typically developing children. They were exposed to six phases; a baseline phase, two modeling phases (where the experimenter modeled the use of passive voice), two training phases (where the experimenter reinforced the child for using active voice) and one generalization phase. Results indicate that none of the participants used the passive voice before modeling, and that the use of the passive voice increased after modeling, despite that the participants were reinforced for using the active voice. Since the participants did not receive reinforcement for using the passive voice, it is hypothesized that the use of passive voice automatically reinforced.