Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


36th Annual Convention; San Antonio, TX; 2010

Event Details

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Paper Session #82
Complex Verbal Behavior
Saturday, May 29, 2010
4:00 PM–4:20 PM
214C (CC)
Area: VRB
Chair: Svein Eikeseth (Akershus University College)
The Role of Modeling and Automatic Reinforcement in the Development of Verbal Behavior in Typically Developing Children. A Replication of Wright (2006).
Domain: Experimental Analysis
Leni Øestvik (Akershus University College), SVEIN EIKESETH (Akershus University College)
Abstract: The present study was designed to evaluate the role of modeling and automatic reinforcement in the construction of passive voice in typical developing children. Participants were six three-to-five-years-old typically developing children. They were exposed to six phases; a baseline phase, two modeling phases (where the experimenter modeled the use of passive voice), two training phases (where the experimenter reinforced the child for using active voice) and one generalization phase. Results indicate that none of the participants used the passive voice before modeling, and that the use of the passive voice increased after modeling, despite that the participants were reinforced for using the active voice. Since the participants did not receive reinforcement for using the passive voice, it is hypothesized that the use of passive voice automatically reinforced.



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