|CANCELLED Analysis of the Collateral Effects of Exercise with Children with Autism
|Saturday, May 29, 2010
|2:30 PM–3:20 PM
|Chair: Ilker Yilmaz (Anadolu University)
|CANCELLED Effects of Adapted Swimming Exercises on Motor Performance in Autism
|Domain: Service Delivery
|MEHMET YANARDAG (Research Institute for Handicapped), Ilker Yilmaz (Anadolu University)
|Abstract: Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders have been found to display a variety of motor skills deficits including motor planning, motor coordination, fine motor skills and gross motor skills. Although there have been studies about the effects of games and sport activities on children with autism, there had been no research especially the effects of swimming exercises on motor skills of children with autism. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of adapted swimming exercises on motor performance of autistic children. Materials and methods: The study included four autistic male children with mean age 6.25± 0.5 (range between 5-7 years) years. Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP) short form was used for determining of the level of motor performance after and before exercise education. Adapted swimming exercise program was conducted for 60 minutes in each session, three times per week, during 12 weeks. Exercise program composed of walking in pool, kangaroo jumps, bicycle ride and snake movements, ball playing and other exercises skills. These exercise skills were applied by using one of the errorless teachings, special education strategies, which is called the “most to least prompt” procedure with one-to-one teaching. The findings of this study indicated that there were significant differences in motor performance skills (p<0.05) in pre and post test results. This study showed that both exercise training and special education interventions improved motor performance of children with autism in multidisciplinary team-works.
|CANCELLED Effects of Swimming Exercises on Stereotypic Behaviors in Autism
|Domain: Service Delivery
|ILKER YILMAZ (Anadolu University), mehmet yanardag (Research Institute for Handicapped)
|Abstract: The limited available research on exercise and autistic children has focused on using water exercises to reduce stereotypic behavior. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of adapted swimming exercise training on stereotypical behaviors of child with autism by special education strategies. Subject was a six years old male child with autism. The subject was given leisure time-15 minutes before each training session. Adapted swimming exercise program was conducted for 60 minutes in each session, three times per week, during 12 weeks. Exercise program composed of kangaroo jumps, bicycle ride and snake movements, ball playing and other skills. These exercise skills were applied by using one of the errorless teachings called the “most to least prompt” procedure. Data were collected a course of 12-week as an intervention period and after 2, 4 week of intervention as a follow-up periods by video-camera. Also, the subject’s stereotypical behaviors were assessed three successive sessions of before and after 12 weeks of training by video-camera. The results of this study were analyzed via graphic illustrations. The mean number of the stereotypical behaviors during leisure time of intervention period and follow-up periods were 23.8 and 6.5, respectively. The mean number of the stereotypical behaviors during all training sessions was 0.25. The mean numbers of the stereotypical behaviors before and after 12 weeks were 21.6 and 4.3, respectively. This study showed that adapted swimming exercises and special education interventions reduced stereotypical behaviors during intervention and follow-up periods.