|International Paper Session - Predicting Outcomes for Children with Autism
|Tuesday, May 27, 2008
|10:30 AM–11:20 AM
|Chair: Bob Remington (University of Southampton)
|Field Effectiveness of Early Intensive Behavioural Intervention for Young Children with Autism.
|Domain: Applied Research
|BOB REMINGTON (University of Southampton), Richard P. Hastings (University of Wales, Bangor), Hanna Kovshoff (University of Southampton), Francesca Degli Espinosa (University of Southampton), Erik Jahr (Akershus University Hospital, Norway)
|Abstract: We conducted a UK-based 2 year field effectiveness evaluation of early intensive behavioural intervention (EIBI) for young children with autism. An Intervention group (N=23) of preschool children with autism, identified on the basis of parent preference, received treatment supplied from recognised service providers. A Comparison group (N=21) received Treatment as usual supplied by Local Education Authorities. Prospective assessment was undertaken before treatment, and after 12 and 24 months. Groups did not differ on assessments at baseline but, after 2 years, robust differences favouring EIBI were observed on measures of intelligence, language, daily living skills, and positive social behaviour. A greater proportion of individuals in the Intervention group showed statistically defined reliable change in IQ. Measures of parental well-being produced no evidence that behavioural intervention created increased problems for parents.
|Behavioral Intervention for Autism - A Survey of UK Service Providers.
|Domain: Applied Research
|NEIL T. MARTIN (The Treehouse Trust)
|Abstract: The growing number of service providers within the field of behavioral intervention for autism and the growing number of descriptions for such intervention (e.g. ABA, Lovaas, Discrete Trial, Verbal Behavior etc.) has inevitably led to much confusion from other professionals and parents about what an appropriate and competent autism-specific behavioral provision looks like. This UK specific survey is an attempt to document existing commonalities and differences between service providers, organisations and individual supervisor/consultants who would describe their provision (albeit in different ways) as behavioral intervention for autism. The survey responses suggest that there is high degree of heterogeneity between behavioral intervention service providers in terms of verbal descriptors, clinical practice and the credentials and experience of those responsible for these services.