|Treatment of Persons with Acquired Brain Injuries: Skill Acquisition and Behavior Change
|Monday, May 26, 2008
|1:30 PM–2:50 PM
|Area: CBM/CSE; Domain: Applied Research
|Chair: Maria N. Myers (Oregon Institute of Technology)
|Discussant: Michael P. Mozzoni (Learning Services Corporation)
|CE Instructor: Michael P. Mozzoni, Ph.D.
This symposium will highlight behavioral interventions with children and adults with acquired brain injuries (ABI) and neglect. Treatment methodologies including fluency training to decrease aphasia, reinforcement to decrease response latency and DRH to decrease problematic mealtime behaviors will be discussed.
|Decreasing Out-of-Seat and Noncompliant Behavior in a Brain Injured Child through Verbal Praise Reinforcement.
|MARIA N. MYERS (Oregon Institute of Technology)
|Abstract: This study investigated the effects of positive verbal praise to increase the in-seat behaviors and decrease noncompliant behaviors of a 5 year old male with environmental neglect. A multiple baseline design across behaviors was used. In-seat behavior was measured by the subject remaining seated throughout the meal. Noncompliant behavior was considered aggressive and non-aggressive behaviors that were not allowed in a mealtime setting. Three stages of treatment were used to implement the verbal praise starting with a 20 second interval and fading to a 3 minute interval. Physical assistance was also faded during these stages to verbal redirection in the final phase. The results showed that the verbal praise system was successful in increasing the in-seat behavior and reducing the noncompliant behaviors.
|Speaking Their Language: Fluency Training for People Diagnosed with Aphasia Secondary to Brain Injury.
|BRITNI E. LIPSMEYER (Timber Ridge Ranch)
|Abstract: The current study involved utilizing the methods of precision teaching for the purpose of fluency training among persons suffering from aphasia or language of confusion secondary to brain injuries. Five individuals diagnosed with aphasia or language of confusion secondary to brain injury took part in the study. As with all people who present with these communication disorders, the participants’ ability to correctly tact items in their environment was inaccurate and inconsistent. The goal of this project was to increase participant’s accuracy and rate of response of the identification of ADL (Activities of Daily Living) items.
|Decreasing Latency Through Reinforcement in a Child with an Acquired Brain Injury.
|MEGAN RAE HEINICKE (Western Michigan University)
|Abstract: This study replicates and extends the work of Fjellstedt and Sulzer-Azároff (1973) in which the application of a token system decreased the latency of direction-following in an 8-year-old boy enrolled in special education. The present study investigated the effects of a token system to decrease the latency to respond to instructions by a 16-year-old female with an acquired brain injury. A multiple baseline design across 7 different behaviors was used. Latency was measured by timing the interval between a given verbal instruction and the completion of the associated behavior. The results showed that the addition of a token system was successful in reducing the latency to respond to instructions across all behaviors.