|Schedule-Induced Behaviors: Origins of Problem Behaviors & Procedures to Minimize their Influence.
|Friday, May 23, 2008
|6:00 PM–9:00 PM
|Area: EAB; Domain: Applied Research
|CE Instructor: Jeff Kupfer, Ph.D.
|JEFF KUPFER (Jeff Kupfer, PA)
|Description: Adjunctive or schedule-induced behaviors (sometimes maladaptive and always excessive) are behaviors that are maintained at a high probability by stimuli that derive their reinforcing properties as a function of parameters governing the availability of some other class of reinforcement. In non-human subjects, some schedules of reinforcement have been shown to generate strange behaviors such as: polydipsia, attack against members of its own species, self-induced escape, pica, and hyperactivity; In human subjects, these same schedules can exaggerate behaviors such as fluid intake, aggression, pacing, grooming, eating, stereotyped behavior, smoking and, quite possibly-- wretched excess. This presentation is an introduction to schedule-induced behaviors. A video-tape will be shown demonstrating various types of schedule-induced behaviors in a rat, pigeon and squirrel monkey. Both human and non-human studies describing functional relationships with reinforcement schedules and generator schedules (i.e., schedules that promote schedule-induced behaviors) will be reviewed, as well as functional assessment and measurement strategies. Alternative reinforcement strategies in applied settings will be reviewed and case studies will be presented comparing fixed- vs. variable-DRO schedules.
|Learning Objectives: Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to: (1) Identify 4 defining features of schedule-induced behavior (2) Assess and measure schedule-induced behavior (3) Describe 3 possible pitfalls in using some schedules of reinforcement (4) Describe 3 alternatives to minimize the influence of schedule-induced behaviors
|Activities: Literature review of the history of schedule-induced behavior research, influential variables, and theoretical considerations for their adaptive significance in the evolution of behavior. Applied research will be reviewed. An Adjunctive Behavior Survey will be provided to participants to be used along with other functional assessment tools.
|Audience: This is an intermediate workshop for behavior analysts and practitioners interested in expanding functional analysis into new areas, and examining environmental determinants that might account for excessive problem behavior that cannot be adequately isolated using traditional functional analysis procedures.
|Content Area: Practice
|Instruction Level: Intermediate