|Health, Sports, and Fitness Research in ABA
|Sunday, May 25, 2008
|9:00 AM–10:20 AM
|Area: CSE/CBM; Domain: Applied Research
|Chair: Amanda N. Adams (California State University, Fresno)
|CE Instructor: Amanda N. Adams, Ph.D.
This symposium will contain papers that address topics and research in health, sports, and fitness. Topics include smoking cessation, rehabilitation regimen compliance, fitness adherence, and sports application. The blend of papers in this session represents a growing socially important application in ABA with interdisciplinary implications.
|Identification of Function in Maintenance of Smoking Cessation.
|JASON ALAN MARSHALL (California State University, Fresno)
|Abstract: Smoking-related diseases are responsible for the loss of 440,000 lives every year, and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 68 billion dollars are spent annually in the United States on medical care costs attributable to smoking behavior. How might behavior analysts address this problem? Carbon monoxide measurements have been proven to be effective measurements of smoking behavior, and can be used as the primary measurement in a study. A secondary function of smoking behavior may also be identifiable using a standard FBA format . Procedures utilizing competing contingencies, and shaping have also proven effective (Dallery & Glenn 2005). In addition to these tools, the possible merits of a habit reversal procedure will be discussed.
|Effects of a Feedback Package on Tactical Behaviors in Youth Basketball.
|MANOEL RODRIGUES-NETO (The Ohio State University), Phillip Ward (The Ohio State University)
|Abstract: Recent studies in behavior analysis in physical activities suggest the effectiveness of specific techniques such as goal setting and feedback aiming improvements in performance and skill acquisition. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the instructional strategies consisting in a package including goal-setting, public posting and verbal reinforcements and its effects on the generalization of individual performances and outcomes of youth female basketball players. It focuses on variables that focus on tactical behaviors (positioning) and behavior outcomes (shooting percentage) instead of just technical skills. The results show that the package was effective during and after the intervention with tactical behaviors in youth basketball.
|A System of Identifying and Neutralizing Aversives to Increase Exercise Behaviors.
|LARAINE WINSTON (University of South Florida/Behavior Analysis Services Program)
|Abstract: Obesity is a serious and growing problem in the United States with potential harmful consequences for individuals, as well as society as a whole. Behaviors that lead to a healthy weight for an individual are often associated with potent and immediate aversive consequences and these contribute to inconsistent participation and recidivism among those who begin a program of regular exercise. Aversives frequently reported by exercise participants are organized into a self-report based assessment. Corresponding strategies intended to weaken specific aversive stimuli are identified and recommended to individuals based on their ratings of the intensity of their aversion to them and the degree to which each has reduced their past exercise behavior.
|Contingency Contracting, Reinforcement Assessment and Generalization: A Guide for Self-Care with Compliance of Therapeutic Intervention.
|DAVID J. HEBERT (ABEAR Consulting)
|Abstract: Failure to comply with and maintain therapeutic exercise regimes, following work-related musculoskeletal injuries, incurs significant individual and societal cost. Individuals who sustain such injury are considered to be at-risk for life-long chronic pain (Hestbaek et al., 2003; Pengle et al., 2003) and co-morbidity of depression and obesity. In addition, repeat musculoskeletal injury to the same body part is common. These individuals will benefit from maintenance of exercise treatment both during and following release from care by a treating professional (Waddell, 1998; McGorry et al., 2000; Borkaen et al., 2002). An issue of importance includes the coping strategies common to people who have sustained traumatic injury. These strategies frequently contribute to long term disability, both physical and emotional (Victorson et al., 2005; Dahl, Hayes, Luciano, & Wilson, 2005). Behaviorally based self-management contracting has the potential for both immediate and long term benefits of therapeutic compliance and minimization of co-morbidity following musculoskeletal injury.