Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


10th International Conference; Stockholm, Sweden; 2019

Event Details

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Poster Session #58
CBM Poster Session
Sunday, September 29, 2019
5:30 PM–7:00 PM
Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre, Level 4, Balcony

Noncontingent Reinforcement to Reduce Annoying Telephone Calls of a Person With Dementia: A Preliminary Study

Area: CBM; Domain: Service Delivery
TAKASHI MUTO (Doshisha University)

The purpose of this preliminary study was to examine the effects of noncontingent reinforcement (NCR) procedure to reduce annoying telephone calls for a 95-year-old female with dementia. The mother’s calls could frustrate her family members because the contents of the callings were usually grumbling and complaining. At first, a functional assessment interview was implemented for one of her daughters. As a result, the function, or maintain factor, of the annoying calls was presumed to be social attention from four blood relatives of her family. Then, the assessment-based NCR procedure, in which all blood relatives hanged up briefly (in ten minutes) all mother’s calls, and made a short and unexpected visit or phone frequently, was conducted. Results indicated decreases in annoying telephone calls during implementing NCR. Moreover, in her family members, the degree of satisfaction for these procedures and results were very high. These results suggest that a functional assessment and the assessment-based NCR procedure delivered with non-professional family members improve so-called BPSD (a behavioral and psychological symptom of dementia) “positively”.

38. Evaluation of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Irritable Bowel Syndrome Non-Patients
Area: CBM; Domain: Applied Research
MASATAKA ITO (Graduate School, Doshisha University), Takashi Muto (Doshisha University)
Abstract: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common functional disorders, and psychological intervention for IBS is used. There are many people with IBS symptoms who do not have a diagnosis, called IBS non-patients, however interventions for them have rarely been investigated. Therefore, this study intended to evaluate acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for IBS non-patients. Participants were recruited from a university population through a screening survey. Following completion of the survey, 119 individuals who had scored above the mild IBS symptom cutoff score were invited via e-mail to participate in this study. Of those invited, 35 completed informed consent. A randomized wait-list control design was used. Participants (mean age = 19.89, SD = 1.26, male = 12) were randomly assigned to either an intervention or a waiting list group. A self-reporting measure was used to assess IBS severity, quality of life, psychological distress, and psychological flexibility at pre-intervention for participants. The intervention group received a one-day group ACT workshop, and was offered an ACT workbook to use in their daily lives for two months. Post-assessment and follow-up assessment were scheduled for two months later. This study is expected to discuss the effectiveness of ACT in IBS non-patients.

Comparison of Scores of KBPAC Among Caregivers and Workers in Schools and Hospitals

Area: CBM; Domain: Applied Research
HITOMI IWAHASHI (Fukuchiyama City Hospital), Hiroaki Miya (Fukuchiyama City Hospital)

Behavior analytic approaches to solve the behavioral problems in children has been gradually accepted and used in Japanese schools and hospitals. To measure the current state of knowledge of behavior principles in those places, short version of the Knowledge of Behavioral Principles as Applied to Children (KBPAC) was conducted. Participants were caregivers, medical staffs, nurse students, and teachers in junior high schools, primary schools, and kindergartens. Only the nurse students were tested the KBPAC in before and after a lecture on behavior analysis. The short version of KBPAC contains 25-items of multiple-choice instrument. The results showed that the score in medical staffs was higher than that in other groups, and the lecture on behavior analysis to nurse students increased the score. These results indicate that the knowledge of behavior principles (1) is still low in homes and schools, (2) relatively high in medical stuffs, and (3) can be increased at least in nurse students.


Agreement Between Structured Descriptive Assessments and Functional Analyses Conducted Over a Telehealth System

Area: CBM; Domain: Applied Research
EMILY L. BAXTER (Syracuse University), Brian K. Martens (Syracuse University), Jennifer J. McComas (University of Minnesota), Samantha Sallade (Syracuse University), Johanna Kester (Syracuse University), Adele F. Dimian (University of Minnesota), Jessica J. Simacek (University of Minnesota), Brittany Pennington (University of Minnesota)

Telehealth is an effective way of conducting functional assessments that can be used with families who live in remote areas. The current study’s goal was to evaluate the accuracy of contingency space analysis (CSA) applied to structured descriptive assessments (SDA) of parent-child interactions at identifying the function of problem behavior compared to an experimental functional analysis (FA). Four male children with intellectual and developmental disabilities and their parents participated. Assessments were conducted within participants’ homes with parents serving as interventionists with coaching from remote behavior therapists using videoconferencing. The percentage of intervals with child problem behavior across motivating operation contexts was calculated for the SDA, and the conditional probability of various parent-delivered consequences given the presence and absence of problem behavior were calculated for the CSA. Percentage agreement for each descriptive assessment was calculated by taking the number of agreements with functions identified by the FA divided by the number of agreements plus errors of omission. Agreement with the FA was 67% and 83% for the SDA and CSA, respectively. CSA coding of telehealth videos may be an efficient technique of remotely identifying potential functions of children’s problem behavior when implementing an experimental FA might not be an option.

41. Use of Peer Modeling in the Treatment of Food Selectivity
Area: CBM; Domain: Applied Research
HEATHER KADEY (SUNY Upstate Medical University), Henry S. Roane (Upstate Medical University)
Abstract: Persistent food selectivity in children can present serious health risks by impeding healthy development. Research has evaluated a variety of effective procedures designed to increase the consumption of novel foods in children with feeding dysfunction. Nevertheless, few researchers have examined the effects of peer modeling/observational learning on food selectivity. Sira and Fryling (2012) used peer modeling within the context of observation learning and differential reinforcement paradigms to increase the consumption of novel foods in one child diagnosed with autism. We sought to extend their finding by assessing the use of peer modeling/observational learning in the absence of differential reinforcement within two children of typical development. The effects of peer modeling were assessed using reversal designs. Results suggested that the implementation of peer modeling produced increases in the consumption of novel foods for both children. Interobserver agreement data were collected on over 80% of sessions and averaged over 90% for all measures. The benefits of peer modeling as a treatment for food selectivity as well as limitations and future directions will be discussed.



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