Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


36th Annual Convention; San Antonio, TX; 2010

Event Details

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Paper Session #470
International Evaluations of Applied Behavior Analysis Programming
Monday, May 31, 2010
4:00 PM–4:50 PM
203AB (CC)
Area: AUT
Chair: Sigmund Eldevik (Akershus University College)
Analysing and Extending the Evidence-Base for Behavioural Interventions for Children With Autism
Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
SIGMUND ELDEVIK (Akershus University College), Richard P. Hastings (University of Wales Bangor), J. Carl Hughes (Bangor University), Erik Jahr (Akershus University Hospital), Svein Eikeseth (Akershus University College), Scott C. Cross (Lovaas Institute)
Abstract: A literature search identified nine controlled studies of behavioural intervention for children with autism. These studies were included in a meta-analysis yielding an average effect size for IQ gain of 1.10, and adaptive behaviour gain of .66, which would generally be considered as large and moderate, respectively. Following this an individual participant data meta-analysis of controlled and uncontrolled studies was done. Participants from 16 studies were divided into three groups; 309 children had received behavioural intervention, 39 comparison interventions, and 105 were in a control group. More children receiving behavioural intervention achieved reliable change in IQ, 29.8 % vs. 2.6 % and 8.7 % for comparison and control groups, and adaptive behaviour, 20.6 % vs. 5.7 % and 5.1 %. This equated to a Number Needed to Treat of 5 for IQ and 7 for adaptive behaviour and Absolute Risk Reduction of 23 % and 16 % respectively. IQ and adaptive behaviour at intake predicted gains in adaptive behaviour. Intensity of intervention predicted gains in both IQ and adaptive behaviour.
Science and the Treatment of Autism: Bringing SIMPLE STEPS to Europe
Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
Michael Keenan (University of Ulster), KAROLA DILLENBURGER (Queen's University Belfast)
Abstract: A recent research report identified the need for parent and professional training in applied behaviour analysis (ABA), especially for families of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (Keenan, Dillenburger, et al 2007). In order to address this problem the SIMPLE STEPS multimedia package for parent of children diagnosed with ASD and professionals working with these families was developed in Northern Ireland and is now being translated into three Euorpean languages: Spanish, German, and Norwegian. The project is aimed at parents of children diagnosed with ASD who are at a significantly higher risk of experiencing psychological difficulties than parents of nondisabled children (Bromley et al., 2004) or parents of children with other disabilities or chronic illnesses (Koegel et al., 1999). SIMPLE STEPS offers a lifeline for parents, especially in remote parts of Europe where ABA-based provision is scarce or non-existent. This paper presents the rationale behind SIMPLE STEPS and shows examples of newly developed multimedia resources, i.e., videos and animations. Initial evaluation data will be presented.



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