Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


Fourth International Conference; Australia, 2007

Event Details

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Poster Session #40
#40 International Poster Session - CBM
Monday, August 13, 2007
5:00 PM–6:30 PM
Level 4 Lobby
10. Neurofeedback or ABA in Improving Attention for Children with ADHD.
Area: CBM; Domain: Service Delivery
JEONGIL KIM (Lotus Flowers Children Center, South Korea), Sang Bok Lee (Daegu University, South Korea), Yunhee Lee (Lotus Flowers Children Center, South Korea), Ok Ja Lee (Lotus Flowers Children Center, South Korea), Soo Ok Song (Lotus Flowers Children Center, South Korea), Weon Ok Koo (Daegu University, South Korea), Mihyang Choi (Daegu University, South Korea), Eun-Jung Lee (Daegu University, South Korea)
Abstract: Alpha-theta neurofeedback has been shown to produce significant improvement in their attention and performance for children with ADHD. The current study aimed to compare the effectiveness between neurofeedback and applied behavior analysis in improving attention for children with ADHD. Fifteen of elementary school boys with ADHD were allocated to three groups, one receiving neurofeedback, one ABA, and one combined
11. A Comprehensive Approach to Functional Encopresis.
Area: CBM; Domain: Service Delivery
WILLIAM J. WARZAK (University of Nebraska Medical Center), Margaret T. Floress (Munroe-Meyer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center)
Abstract: Functional encopresis represents a very difficult health and hygiene problem for parents and professionals alike. A variety of approaches have been used to deal with this problem including pharmacological, physiotherapy, and behavioral intervention. Nevertheless, encopresis may be quite refractory to treatment. We present the case of a 9-year-old male diagnosed with encopresis (with toileting refusal) who had been provided an assortment of interventions without success. He had been treated with Miralax, prescribed by his physician, and had been seen by a physical therapist for a series of sessions that focused on kegel exercises and behavioral contracting. We conceptualize functional encopresis as a bio-behavioral problem that requires a comprehensive assessment and multi-modal approach to therapy. We describe the elements of a comprehensive assessment of encopresis, including functional assessment of toileting episodes at home and at school, a diet diary, and stool record. We then present an integration of contingency management (with elements of shaping, positive and negative reinforcement), dietary management, and environmental rearrangement to effectively address this child’s encopresis.
12. Early Intervention for Externalising Behaviours in Children: The CAMHS and Schools Program.
Area: CBM; Domain: Service Delivery
LOUISE L. HAYES (University of Ballarat)
Abstract: The CAMHS and Schools program provides a multi-component treatment for young children with disruptive behaviours. This approach has been implemented in Victoria Australia and is a forerunner for similar programs. The program aims to reduce problem behaviour in schools and in the home by using empirically supported behavioural interventions with parents and teachers. It is also a vehicle for collaboration to occur between mental health services and schools. Results from the first two years of this service have shown that significant behaviour changes can occur in children. This poster will present information on the skill development strategies used with parents and teachers based on functional assessment of children's behaviours. The successes and difficulties of teaching behavioural programs in schools will be compared with quantitative outcomes on children's behaviour.
13. Evaluation of the Family History of Drinking Problems Matching Hypothesis on the Efficacy of a Stepped-Care Cognitive-Behavioral Motivational Model for College Students with Alcohol Problems.
Area: CBM; Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
HORACIO QUIROGA ANAYA (National Autonomous University of Mexico), Juan Jose Sanchez Sosa (National Autonomous University of Mexico), Maria Elena Teresa Medina-Mora Icaza (Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría), Carlos F. Aparicio (University of Guadalajara, Mexico)
Abstract: This poster describes the evaluation of the family history of drinking problems matching hypothesis on the effectiveness of a stepped care cognitive-behavioral motivational model for the treatment of college students with alcohol problems (Quiroga, 2003) integrated with the following specific treatment programs: 1. Brief alcohol screening and intervention for college students (BASICS), Dimeff, Baer, Kivlahan & Marlatt (1999); 2. Guided Self-change Treatment (GSC), Sobell & Sobell, 1993); and Structured Relapse Prevention (SRP), Annis, Herie & Watkin-Merek (1996). Eighteen alcohol consumers college students from the National Autonomous University of México (UNAM) voluntary ask for treatment (12 men and six women) between 18 to 35 years old) that varied within a range from alcohol abuse to severe dependence. Participants did not required residence treatment, neither presented psychiatric or addictive commorbility. They were matched to each specific treatment modality in accordance with alcohol problem severity, chronicity, drinking patterns, and alcohol related problems and were divided in three groups of six students each one: (4 men and 2 women) in accordance with established characteristics. Every modality was evaluated with each type of consumers: abuse, mild to moderate dependence and substantial to severe dependence, using a “Multiple Base Line Design Across subjects”. Outcome data evaluation included diverse indicators on consumption patterns and alcohol problems for the evaluation of the family history of drinking problems matching hypothesis.
14. Testing the Behavioural Model of Anxiety-Depression with Prostate Cancer Patients.
Area: CBM; Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
CHRISTOPHER F. SHARPLEY (LifeWorkPlay), David Harry Christie (East Coast Cancer Centre)
Abstract: Behavioural models of depression suggest that it serves the function of helping the individual to withdraw from unpleasant stimuli. While several studies exist that provide data on this model’s application to selected individuals, there are few reports of it being applied to a large and homogeneous sample. This study presents data from separate standardised scales of anxiety and depression collected on 195 Australian men who had received a diagnosis of prostate cancer. Twelve percent of the sample was classified as having clinically significant levels of anxiety and 16 percent had similar levels of depression. Data were analysed separately for anxiety and depression and also by combining both scales into a single unit to assess the construct of “anxiety-depression”. To test the behavioural model of anxiety-depression, the underlying component structure of that unit was examined via factor analysis. Four major components were found, which reflected a process of: loss of functional capacity, worthlessness and hopelessness, fear and somatic symptomatology. Relevance of these to the behavioural model of depression and implications for clinical practice with this population are discussed.



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