Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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Seventh International Conference; Merida, Mexico; 2013

Event Details


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Poster Session #44
CSE Posters
Monday, October 7, 2013
7:00 PM–9:00 PM
Gran Salon Yucatan (Fiesta Americana)
85. Using a Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) to facilitate health behaviors for rheumatoid arthritis patients
Area: CSE; Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
SUSAN BAXTER (University of Otago), Gareth Treharne (University of Otago), Cath Smith (University of Otago), Simon Stebbings (University of Otago), Leigh Hale (University of Otago)
Abstract: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic auto-immune inflammatory disease which has high economic costs and patient impact. Regular participation in exercise behaviour could assist RA patients manage their symptoms and avoid secondary conditions like heart disease; however, it is hard for RA patients to participate in exercise. In the ‘Health Action Process Approach’ the conflict between intention and actioned behavior is explained by barriers. This research qualitatively investigated behavioural facilitators and barriers to exercise through semi-structured telephone interviews with RA patients. Thematic analysis using the General Inductive Approach began immediately, and interviews were ceased once saturation of data occurred. Five themes emerged (verified by three coders). These themes were: fear, unpredictability of disease course, social connection, safety and overwhelming information. Participants were asked to suggest solutions for the barriers identified. The main findings were that RA patients require more information and education on incorporating exercise into their lives and enhanced opportunity for social engagement for exercise. These percived barriers were utilised to promote health behaviors in a tailored walking RCT with patients. Early assessment of patients involved in the trial indicate that high intention for health behaviour can be promoted to health behviour when targeting identified barriers and facillitators.
 
86. Analisis Experiement de la Conducta de Temor Desde una Approximacion Interconductual
Area: CSE; Domain: Experimental Analysis
LESLIE VALERIA BRISEÑO ZAMORA (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México ), Veronica Luna Hernandez (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM)), Christian Cruz (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM)), Alejandro Ceron Marti­nez (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM)), Winter Edgar Reyna Cruz (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM))
Abstract: En el estudio acerca del miedo o temor se ha reconocido que éste se presenta como la ocurrencia de un “evento” mental, cognitivo o cerebral, o bien, como la ocurrencia de reacciones fisiológicas y/o conductuales. Sin embargo, dichos estudios presentan algunas limitaciones a saber: a) incurren en errores lógicos, b) son reduccionistas, y c) no existe una correspondencia entre sus supuestos teóricos y sus estudios empíricos. Con el fin de superar estas limitaciones, desde el Interconductismo se propone que el miedo o temor: 1) es comportamiento, 2) es una interacción que requiere de un sistema reactivo convencional, y 3) es aprendido situacional o referencialmente. El objetivo de la presente investigación fue evaluar los efectos de la historia referencial, sobre la conducta de temor en niños y adultos. Participaron 10 niños y 10 adultos de diferentes edades, los cuales fueron divididos en dos grupos: historia referencial y sin historia referencial. Los resultados fueron discutidos a la luz de la noción Interconductual de miedo, así como de hallazgos reportados en otras aproximaciones psicológicas en torno a dicho tema.
 
87. Gaining Consumer Buy-in: Parent Evaluations of the Social Validity of Social Skill Interventions
Area: CSE; Domain: Service Delivery
TANYA RUTHERFORD (California State University, Northridge), James Vogel (California State University, Northridge), Debra Berry Malmberg (California State University, Northridge)
Abstract: Assessing the social validity of behavior change procedures has become an increasingly important aspect of behavior analytic practice; the adoption of these procedures is often influenced by consumer buy-in and the extent to which they deem the procedure and its outcomes to be acceptable (Hanley, 2010). In this study, the social validity of two social skill interventions was rated by parents of children with autism through observation and questionnaires. Parents viewed video clips of pre- and post-intervention behavior samples from two specific interventions to teach social skills-prompting and a narrative intervention. Parents rated the acceptability of the treatment, their preference for one of the two treatments, and ease of treatment implementation. Parents also rated the clinical significance of the target behavior and the outcome of the intervention. Parents consistently rated the procedures of the narrative intervention as being more preferable and acceptable than prompting; however, the outcomes of the prompting intervention were rated as more acceptable and preferable than the narrative intervention. We will discuss factors that influence parents' selection of an intervention as well as provide recommendations for the design of behavioral interventions.
 
88. Una Propuesta Para el Analisis Experiemental de Mentir Desde el Interconductismo
Area: CSE; Domain: Experimental Analysis
VERONICA LUNA HERNANDEZ (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM)), Christian Cruz (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM)), Alejandro Ceron Marti­nez (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM)), Leslie Valeria Briseno Zamora (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM)), Winter Edgar Reyna Cruz (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM))
Abstract: Desde la perspectiva Interconductual se sostiene que mentir supone: 1) la participación de por lo menos dos personas, el que miente y aquel al que se le miente, 2) que el individuo que miente sea capaz de interactuar con un evento concreto, y posteriormente (en otra interacción o en la misma), desligarse de dicho evento interactuando con un segmento sustitutivo, es decir, el evento no está presente o no es aparente en la situación en la que interactúa pero puede hacer referencia a él; 3) el individuo que miente refiere algo concerniente a dicho evento que no se corresponda funcionalmente con él. Empleando una metodología usada en estudios de corte cognitivo, denominada “Paradigma de Resistencia a la Tentación”, en la que se disponen las condiciones para que el participante transgreda una regla y posteriormente tenga la posibilidad de mentir sobre su comportamiento ante ésta. Se realizó un estudio experimental cuyo objetivo fue evaluar el efecto de la presencia/ausencia de un testigo ocular de la transgresión del participante sobre mentir o no mentir en niños. Participaron 12 infantes, éstos fueron asignados a uno de dos grupos. Los resultados fueron analizados con base en la delimitación de mentir desde el Interconductismo.
 
89. Effectively Translating Indirect Assessments with an Eye Toward Reliability and Validity
Area: CSE; Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
CRISTINA VEGA (SEEK Education, Inc.), Michele D. Wallace (California State University, Los Angeles), Marisela Alvarado (Private Practice), Adriana Gracias (A.B.E.D.I Inc.)
Abstract:

Indirect functional behavior assessment instruments are used to preliminarily identify potential functions of behavior and have only been available in English. This study developed a Spanish version of the Questions About Behavioral Function (QABF) indirect assessment instrument. Forward and back-adaptation committees were used in the translation process. Subsequently, the QABF and the QABF-Spanish (QABF-S) were administered to a group of 80 bilingual participants to assess both the reliability and validity of the assessments. A factor analysis yield four factors that were consistent with the four subscales examined in this study. Reliability coefficients were good for the attention, escape, and tangible subscales on both the QABF and QABF-S, but were poor for the nonsocial subscale on each instrument. A second experiment was conducted to analyze the convergent validity between the QABF-S and functional analyses results with clients in the natural setting. Results, limitations and future research is discussed.

 
 

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