|Generalization of Functional Analyses to Assist in Treatment Development Beyond the Clinical Setting
|Sunday, May 29, 2022
|3:00 PM–3:50 PM
|Meeting Level 2; Room 255
|Area: AUT/DDA; Domain: Applied Research
|Chair: Allison Rader (The May Institute)
|CE Instructor: Lisa Tereshko, Ph.D.
The use of functional analyses has been well researched in the literature to demonstrate its effectiveness to identify functions of challenging behaviors. Many variations to the traditional functional analysis have evolved to further assist clinicians while minimizing various limitations to the traditional methods. One variation is the trial-based functional analysis that has demonstrated effectiveness in the classroom setting. This symposium will review the literature on the generalization of treatments based on findings from various functional analysis methods as well as on the generalization of the trial-based functional analysis to novel settings.
|Instruction Level: Intermediate
|Keyword(s): Functional Analysis, Functional Assessment, Generalization
Basic understanding and implementation of functional analyses in practice is required.
|Learning Objectives: (1) Participants will gather knowledge to apply various functional analysis technology across settings (2) Participants will acquire on the generalization of functional analyses in by their methodology (3) Participants will generalize their functional analysis implementation across participants, settings, treatments, and methods.
|Generality of Treatment Based Function of Severe Challenging Behavior: A Systematic Review
|BRITTANY TOMASI (Endicott College), Lesley A. Shawler (Southern Illinois University), Jessica L Becraft (Kennedy Krieger Institute)
|Abstract: The assessment and treatment of severe challenging behavior is prevalent in the current empirical literature within applied behavior analysis. However, despite robust demonstrations of treatment effectiveness, the efficacy of treatment generalization and durability of treatment outcomes is not widely represented in the literature. Incorporating generalization within treatment outcomes may improve the acceptability and social significance of behavior analytic interventions in natural settings and contexts. Thus, the purpose of this review is to investigate the relationship between treatment generality and the functions of severe challenging behavior identified by various functional behavior assessments. Specifically, we explored the most prevalent type of function(s) of challenging behavior and their impact on programming and testing for generalization. Results and implications for assessment, treatment, and generalization will be discussed.
|Conducting a Trial-Based Functional Analysis in a Community Setting
|SARAH KRISTIANSEN (Trumpet Behavioral Health; Endicott College)
|Abstract: This presentation will discuss a trial-based functional analysis, adapted from Bloom et. al, 2011, conducted in a grocery store to determine the function of inappropriate vocalizations when interacting with strangers. The presentation will review ethical considerations that were made when creating the protocol as well as the family’s role in the protocol implementation. Following the assessment’s completion, a function-based intervention was implemented and the intervention team’s role in the intervention was faded.
Comparison of Descriptive Assessment and Trial-Based Functional Analysis as the Basis of Treatment in Homes
|LISA TERESHKO (Endicott College), Mary Jane Weiss (Endicott College), Justin B. Leaf (Autism Partnership Foundation; Endicott College), Thomas Marsh (Beacon ABA Services, Inc.), George McClure (Beacon ABA Services)
For effective treatment implementation to reduce the occurrence of problem behavior and increase the occurrence of adaptive behavior, one must identify the maintaining contingencies of the behavior of concern. Many studies have identified the use of narrative antecedent behavior consequence (ABC) data collection, but few have examined its ability to effectively identify the function of the problem behavior. Research has supported the use of the trial-based functional analysis (TBFA), as the results correlate with the traditional experimental functional analyses, but few studies examine its effectiveness in the home setting. The current study evaluated the effectiveness of narrative ABC data compared to a TBFA in the home setting, as it impacts the outcomes of function-based treatment. Control of the problem behavior through the use of functional communication training was demonstrated across participants and within participants across assessments. Results suggest the TBFA identified the primary function of the behavior as demonstrated by independent responding to a functionally equivalent response.