|Naming Relations and Complex Human Behaviour
|Tuesday, June 1, 2010
|10:00 AM–10:50 AM
|Ballroom A (CC)
|Area: DEV; Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
|Chair: Gary D. Novak (California State University, Stanislaus)
|Presenting Author: J. CARL HUGHES (Bangor University)
|Abstract: Horne and Lowe (1996) outlined an account of how a typically developing child may learn to name objects and events. Their account of naming relations was built largely on Skinner’s (1957) Verbal Behavior. Horne and Lowe also defined naming relations as higher-order behavioural relations, which has implications for accounts of complex human behaviours, such as categorisation, generativity, and incidental language learning. Skinner’s account of verbal operants was based on the basic principles of behaviour, including the role of motivating operations as controlling variables. The concept of motivating operations has proved central to a more complete description of the principles of behaviour, and has had clear applied implications for teaching verbal behaviour. In the tutorial I will introduce some of the basic verbal operants and explain how they may interact in the developmental progression from pre-verbal behaviours to symbolic naming, including the role of motivating operations. I will discuss how naming can be described as verbally controlled behaviour that has both behaviour-altering and value-altering functions. I will also discuss some of the recent experimental and applied research that has been conducted into the development of naming capabilities in children with and without intellectual disability.
|J. CARL HUGHES (Bangor University)
|Dr. Carl Hughes, BCBA-D, is Consultant Behaviour Analyst at the School of Psychology, Bangor University, Wales, and Director of the MSc in Applied Behaviour Analysis. He studied for his BSc in Psychology in 1993 and obtained his PhD in behaviour analysis and verbal behaviour in 2000, following which he took a Teaching Fellowship at the School of Psychology teaching behaviour analysis to psychology students. In 2003 he and colleagues started the first BCBA accredited MSc in Applied Behaviour Analysis programme in Europe. The programme now enrols approximately 35 students each year. In 1998 Dr. Hughes took over the organisation of the Experimental Analysis of Behaviour Group, UK and Europe (EABG), the longest standing organisation devoted to behaviour analysis in Europe. Dr. Hughes is a founder and active member of the European Association of Behaviour Analysis, an organisation that aims to promote the dissemination and training in behaviour analysis across Europe. He has lectured internationally at universities in Spain, Ireland, Italy, and Norway. Dr. Hughes has published in several journals including the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior (JEAB), European Journal of Behavior Analysis (EJOBA), The American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Behavior Modification, and the Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology.