|Body Image, Psychosis and Trauma: A Collection of Treatment Oucome Studies
|Monday, May 26, 2008
|10:30 AM–11:50 AM
|Area: CBM; Domain: Applied Research
|Chair: Kevin L. Polk (Veterans Affairs Hospital, Togus, Maine)
|Discussant: Kevin L. Polk (Veterans Affairs Hospital, Togus, Maine)
|Abstract: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is an emerging behavioral treatment showing promise for a variety of diagnostic categories. ACT also appears to be readily adapted to a number of provision modalities. This symposium presents a collection of outcome studies reflecting the breadth and flexibility of ACT treatment. ACT treatment was provided in individual, group, and self-help formats. The treatment is evaluated based on a variety of outcome measures and in comparison to other treatment strategies.
|One Session Group Intervention for Body Image Dissatisfaction in College Women: A Comparison of Psycho-education, Cognitive Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.
|ALIX TIMKO (Towson University), Julia Hormes (University of Pennsylvania), Elizabeth Roth (University of Pennsylvania), Jaclyn Limerakis (University of Pennsylvania), Vanessa Chekroun (University of Pennsylvania)
|Abstract: The current study purposes to investigate the impact of a one session group intervention on body image dissatisfaction. Three different types of interventions will be investigated: psycho-education, CT, and ACT. Improvement of body image among young women can help prevent serious disease and pathology such as eating disorders. Investigating the type of group that may be effective could impact the type of psycho-education and interventions used at the collegiate level. Study participants will be 45 undergraduate women with levels of body image dissatisfaction in the clinical range (as measured by a brief version of the Body Shape Questionnaire). Participants will be randomized into one of three groups: psycho-education (control), CT, or ACT. All will receive one two-hour long group intervention. All women will complete a battery of questionnaires that tap into body dissatisfaction, mindfulness, acceptance, negative thoughts, and other related variables. All groups will be assigned homework for one week that is in-line with the orientation of the material presented in group. Follow-up will occur at one week post intervention, 4 weeks post intervention, and 3 months post intervention.
|Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in the Treatment of Psychosis.
|MARTA FLISS (Illinois Institute of Technology), Patricia Bach (Illinois Institute of Technology)
|Abstract: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy can be an effective approach for treating persons with severe mental illness. However, ACT appears to be more effective with this population if exercises are modified and simplified to better match the experiences and level of functioning of persons with chronic mental illness. Research outcomes on delivering ACT to persons with psychotic disorders in individual, group, and self-help formats will be discussed, along with implications for ACT training for therapists who work with this population and improving delivery of ACT to individuals with serious mental illness.
|A Week-Long Group Administration of ACT for Traumatized Combat Veterans: Processes and Outcomes.
|CHAD E. DRAKE (Veterans Affairs Hospital, Togus, Maine), Kevin L. Polk (Veterans Affairs Hospital, Togus, Maine), Jerold Hambright (Veterans Affairs Hospital, Togus, Maine)
|Abstract: VA systems regularly provide services to combat veterans who have exhibited symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder for years or even decades. Many of the traditional treatments provided in VA settings involve distressing exposure to traumatic memories or training in coping skills. Some veterans report reluctance to participate in trauma-related activities and find coping skills to be ineffective strategies. In the current study, an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy protocol was devised that did not contain direct exposure or explicit coping skills training. Instead, values-based behavioral activation and mindfulness skills were implemented in a 5-day, 14-session treatment package. Measures for acceptance, valued actions, depression, PTSD, and substance abuse were administered before and after treatment, and at a 90-day follow-up.