Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


First International Conference; Italy, 2001

Event Details

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Paper Session #86
Verbal Behavior I
Friday, November 30, 2001
11:00 AM–11:50 AM
Council Hall
Area: VRB
Chair: Dennis Rose (National Institute of Education)
Naming and Generalisation of Novel Behaviours
Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
J. CARL HUGHES (University of Wales, Bangor), Charles Fergus Lowe (University of Wales, Bangor), Pauline Horne (University of Wales, Bangor)
Abstract: In a series of studies, 26 children (between 2 and 4 years) either underwent Common Tact or Common Listener training with three pairs of stimuli; each pair consisted of one zog and one vek. Following common tact training (i.e., say either "zog" or "vek"), a test for untrained listener relations was introduced. Following common listener training (i.e., select either zog or vek), a test for untrained speaker relations was introduced. Then, in both conditions, children were trained to emit a novel behaviour (e.g., clapping) to one zog and another behaviour (e.g., waving) to one vek. Generalisation Test 1 tested which of the remaining stimuli controlled similar behaviours. Generalisation Test 2 tested selection of the stimuli after seeing the experimenter model the novel behaviours. Categorisation Test 3 tested whether the child would select same class members from an array of all 6 stimuli. Of the 11 trained common speaker relations, all 11 showed naming and all demonstrated categorisation on Test 1 and 2; 4 children were given Test 3, and all passed. Of the 15 trained common listener relations, 11 showed naming and all 11 demonstrated categorisation on Test 1 or 2; 5 were also given Test 3, and 4 passed. The remaining 4 of these 15 did not show naming and neither did they demonstrate categorisation on any of the tests. Following common speaker training for three of these four, all three demonstrated categorisation on Test 1 and 2; 2 were also given Test 3, and both passed.
Mand-Tact Functional Independence and the Effects of Stimulus Preference
Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
OLIMPIA PINO (University of Parma, Italy), Renato Gentile (University of Parma, Italy)
Abstract: The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of mand and tact training on: a) the emergence of collateral responses in the functionally different condition, b) the effect of preferred stimuli. Data were collected via multielement across subjects’ designs (ABA). Children with expressive language delay and normally developed children served as subjects, and were trained with mand or tact procedures. Preliminary data show that: a) both training methods similarly affected the acquisition of target responses, b) preferred stimuli functioned as establishing stimuli. Results are discussed in terms of functional independence of verbal operants, establishing operations (Eos), and stimulus preference. Limitation and consideration are proposed to the implications of Eos for a more systematic treatment and prevention of language



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