Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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35th Annual Convention; Phoenix, AZ; 2009

Event Details


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Symposium #193
Applied Behavior Analysis Applications in Sports and Health
Sunday, May 24, 2009
10:30 AM–11:50 AM
North 131 A
Area: CSE; Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
Chair: Victoria Fogel (University of South Florida)
Abstract: This symposium will consist of four papers discussing recent research on the use of ABA procedures to increase sport performance in the natural environment. Eva Boyer will discuss procedures for improving gymnastic skills with competitive gymnastics. Victoria Fogel will speak on the effects of a treatment package on skill acquisition of a golf swing with a novice golfer. Joseph Dagen will discuss his research on improving the performance of skilled swimmers. Finally, Victoria Fogel will talk about evaluating college fitness programs.
 
Expert Video Modeling with Video Feedback to Enhance Gymnastics Skills
EVA BOYER (ABA Learning Centre), Raymond G. Miltenberger (University of South Florida), Catherine Batsche (University of South Florida), Victoria Fogel (University of South Florida)
Abstract: The effects of combining expert video modeling with video feedback as an adjunct to standard coaching techniques were analyzed in this study. The participants were four 7-10 year old female competitive gymnasts. During the intervention, after the gymnast performed a specific gymnastics skill she viewed a video segment showing an expert gymnast performing the same skill and then viewed a video replay of her own performance of the skill. Next she was presented with a side-by-side slow motion video freeze frame comparison of her performance with that of the expert model. Finally the gymnast viewed the expert video clip and the video replay of her own performance of the skill again at normal speed. The effect of expert video modeling with video feedback on gymnastics skill performance was evaluated within a multiple baseline across behaviors research design. Three different gymnastics skills were analyzed and the results showed that all gymnasts demonstrated improved performance following exposure to the intervention.
 
Teaching a Golf Swing through Behavioral Procedures: Evaluating the Efficacy of TAGTeach
VICTORIA FOGEL (University of South Florida), Timothy M. Weil (University of South Florida), Heather Burris (University of South Florida)
Abstract: Seven training sessions were conducted utilizing the methodology of TAGteach to teach a novice golfer the components of a straightforward classic golf swing. The participant was a woman in her early thirties. A multiple baseline design across five skill sets, which comprise a class straightforward golf swing, was employed to evaluate the effectiveness of TAGteach. The use of TAGteach, which utilizes several behavioral procedures (prompting, shaping, fading, forward chaining, bridging stimulus/conditioned reinforcer and differential reinforcement) as well as the TAGteach phraseology (what you want; using the phrase, “The tagpoint is…,” and avoiding the use of I and you) and TAGteach procedures (tagpoint, three try rule, value added tagpoint, BID, point of success, peer tagging, focus point, and personalized tagpoint), resulted in significant skill acquisition in 4 out of the 5 skill sets. This treatment package also demonstrated that skills taught on one club generalized when using a club in which no training occurred. In addition, the participant considered TAGteach to be a socially acceptable and an effective method for teaching a golf swing.
 
Improving the Performance of Skilled Athletes with Feedback, Self-talk, and Self-Monitoring
JOSEPH CHARLES DAGEN (University of Nevada, Reno), John Austin (Western Michigan University)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of graphic and verbal feedback coupled with self-talk and self-monitoring procedures on freestyle swimming flip turns in an ABAC design across three swimmers. Graphic and verbal feedback produced no measurable improvement, while self-monitoring and self-talk coupled with graphic and verbal feedback reduced times by as much as .7 seconds. The results of this study suggest that self-talk and self-monitoring procedures can improve the performance of skilled swimmers. Implications, theoretical considerations, and future research directions are briefly explored.
 
Firecracker Fitness and Exercise is My Medicine: Evaluating College Fitness Programs
VICTORIA FOGEL (University of South Florida), Raymond G. Miltenberger (University of South Florida), Anne Friesel (University of South Florida), Nakreshia Causey (University of South Florida), Heather Burris (University of South Florida)
Abstract: An assessment of an eight week traditional campus recreation fitness program was conducted. Data were collected on 128 college students and staff participants. The fitness program utilized a raffle drawing system to reward attendance, specialized group exercise classes, and specialized workshops on health, fitness, and self-management strategies to increase participation in the exercise program. In addition, an evaluation of the behavioral workshop on exercise behavior was conducted on six participants through a multiple baseline design across participants. Data showed that 50% of participants dropped before the program started and another 27% dropped by the third week for the overall fitness program. Data showed that the behavioral workshop had no significant effect on the exercise behavior of the six participants. Limitations of this program and recommendations for an improved behavioral fitness program will be discussed.
 

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