|Recent Research on Behavioral Safety
|Monday, May 28, 2007
|10:30 AM–11:50 AM
|Area: CBM/CSE; Domain: Applied Research
|Chair: Raymond G. Miltenberger (University of South Florida)
|CE Instructor: Raymond G. Miltenberger, Ph.D.
This symposium will present recent research promoting behavioral safety. In the first study, Mackner and colleagues will discuss procedures for teaching parents to provide safety skills training for preventing gun play to their children. In the second study Tarasenko and colleagues will describe peer tutoring for teaching abduction prevention skills to children. In the third study, Knudson and colleagues will describe behavioral skills training to promote fire safety skills with individuals with severe and profound mental retardation. Finally, Van Houten and malenfant will discuss procedures for promoting safety belt use among drivers.
|Parent Training to Prevent Gun Play.
|AMY GROSS (Western Michigan University), Raymond G. Miltenberger (University of South Florida), Peter J. Knudson (North Dakota State University), Amanda Bosch (University of Florida)
|Abstract: Unintentional firearm injuries and deaths affect many children each year. Recent research has shown that behavioral skills training with in situ training has been an effective training strategy to teach children the proper safety skills to use if they ever encounter an unattended firearm. The current study evaluated the use of parents as trainers in order to increase the efficiency of training. Parents received a training program that taught them to conduct behavioral skills training with in situ training to teach safety skills to their children. The success of parent training on their children’s safety skills was evaluated in a multiple baseline across participants research design. The results showed that the training was effective for three of the four children.
|Evaluating Peer Training of Abduction Prevention Skills.
|MELISSA TARASENKO (North Dakota State University), Raymond G. Miltenberger (University of South Florida), Carrie M. Brower-Breitwieser (North Dakota State University), Peter J. Knudson (North Dakota State University), Amanda Bosch (University of Florida), Amy Gross (Western Michigan University)
|Abstract: Child abduction is a serious problem with approximately 100 children killed each year by nonfamily abductors. Training programs that attempt to teach children the correct skills to use if they ever come into contact with a stranger can be effective when they incorporate behavioral skills training (BST) and in-situ training into their protocol. However, these methods can be rather time and energy consuming. The current study evaluated the effectiveness and efficiency of a peer tutoring approach to teaching abduction prevention skills. Peer trainers implemented BST sessions and in-situ training sessions with their younger peers. Children successfully acquired the target safety behaviors taught by the peer trainers.
|Fire Safety Skills Training for Individuals with Severe and Profound Mental Retardation.
|PETER J. KNUDSON (North Dakota State University), Raymond G. Miltenberger (University of South Florida), Amanda Bosch (University of Florida), Amy Gross (Western Michigan University), Carrie M. Brower-Breitwieser (North Dakota State University)
|Abstract: Literature concerning fire safety has focused largely on children but persons with mental retardation also are in need of fire safety training as they are highly vulnerable to fire injury and death. The purpose of this research was to evaluate behavioral skills training procedures for teaching individuals with severe and profound mental retardation to exit their residence upon hearing a smoke detector. Fire safety skills training involved instructions, modeling, prompting, and corrective feedback with in situ training. Assessments took place in the participants’ group home with the participants unaware that an assessment was taking place. The results showed that the participants did not exit their residence independently following training but that the level of prompting needed to promote exiting behavior decreased for all participants following training.
|Using Technology to Increase Seatbelt Use.
|RON VAN HOUTEN (Western Michigan University), J. E. Louis Malenfant (Centre for Education and Research in Safety)
|Abstract: This study evaluated a seatbelt gearshift delay that did not allow a person to place their vehicle into gear during a final 8-second seatbelt reminder chime that was presented when the driver placed his or her foot on the brake to place the vehicle in gear. Participants were drivers of 60 US and 60 Canadian fleet vehicles that did not consistently wear their seatbelt. Drivers could avoid the reminder by fastening their seatbelt before attempting to place the vehicle in gear, or could terminate the reminder and escape the delay by buckling their seatbelt at the start of the reminder. The seatbelt reminder presented along with the seatbelt gearshift delay increased seatbelt use from 39% to 73% when the duration of the remind was always fixed at 8 seconds and from 51% to 64% when the length of the reminder was random with a mean values of 8 seconds. Drivers rarely removed their seatbelts once they were buckled during the pre-treatment baseline phase and there was no increase in unbuckling during with delay condition. Some of the participants that did not show a large increase with an 8 second delay showed a larger increase when the delay duration was increased to 16 seconds.