Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


35th Annual Convention; Phoenix, AZ; 2009

Event Details

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Symposium #210
Behavior Analysis Concepts and Applications in Simulation-based Research
Sunday, May 24, 2009
10:30 AM–11:50 AM
North 131 BC
Area: TPC/OBM; Domain: Theory
Chair: R. Wayne Fuqua (Western Michigan University)
Discussant: R. Wayne Fuqua (Western Michigan University)
Abstract: Simulation has become a tool used for assessment and training in many industries and settings. Simulation can take many forms and thus has been discussed in a variety of fields in various manners. This symposium will describe the use of simulation in emergency medicine, team training, and the field of behavior analysis. The first paper critically analyzes the methodology used emergency medicine simulation research. Results indicate the methods employed are less stringent than those typically applied in behavior analysis. Paper two describes the incorporation of other tools, such as instruction and feedback, with simulation in order to train teamwork behaviors. Recommendations are made for best practice in using simulation to train teams. The third paper discusses simulation research found in JABA, JEAB, JOBM, and the Psychological Record. This paper specifically focuses on human analogue experimentation. These three literature reviews show the prevalence of simulation use and the array of possible applications.
A Review of the Use of Simulation for Team Training
KRYSTYNA A. ORIZONDO-KOROTKO (Western Michigan University), R. Wayne Fuqua (Western Michigan University), Amy Gross (Western Michigan University)
Abstract: In recent years, simulation-based assessment and training has become widely used in many industries. Simulation alone is an assessment tool; however, by incorporating other variables such as feedback, simulation becomes a training method. One way in which simulation is used as a training method is for training teams. A review of the literature indicates several researchers are using substandard methods for providing team training using simulation. Several issues that can complicate this type of training include the dynamic nature of teams, the individuals’ histories with their teammates, difficulties identifying observable target behaviors, and determining whether to train behaviors individually or as a team. Suggestions are made for best practice in using simulation to train teams and for assessing these training methods.
Evaluation of Simulation Use in Emergency Medicine: Conceptual and Methodological Issues
AMY GROSS (Western Michigan University), R. Wayne Fuqua (Western Michigan University), Krystyna A. Orizondo-Korotko (Western Michigan University)
Abstract: We describe a comprehensive literature review of emergency medicine research using simulation-based training. The literature was critically analyzed from a behavior analytic viewpoint in order to make recommendations for the improvement of emergency medicine simulation-based training and research. Results indicated that emergency medicine rarely defined specific target behaviors or standards for performance, infrequently provided validity data, and show substandard reliability measures. Given these results, we suggest methods for selecting, benchmarking, and defining target behaviors. We also recommend improved strategies for assessing validity and reliability. Furthermore, we describe the experimental designs and data analysis methods commonly used in emergency medicine research and propose alternative experimental design options frequently used in the field of behavior analysis. Additional considerations include generalization, maintenance, and social validity.
Human Simulations in Behavior Analysis (1987-2007): What have we done and where can we go?
TODD A. WARD (Univeristy of Nevada, Reno), Ramona Houmanfar (University of Nevada, Reno)
Abstract: This presentation will provide a review of JABA, JEAB, JOBM, and the Psychological Record from 1987-2007 that examines the prevalence of such research. The operational definitions used in this categorization process are derived from a formal definition of simulation-based human analogue experimentation. This definition is a product of a survey analysis from past and present editors of the four previously mentioned journals. We will also present a citation analysis that demonstrates the extent to which such experiments have actually been used in natural settings. The results obtained from the abovementioned analyses will provide a data-based discussion in the status of simulation-based research, the extent to which such research has informed existing technological applications, and point to specific areas in which behavior analysis may benefit from such an approach to experimentation.



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