Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


35th Annual Convention; Phoenix, AZ; 2009

Event Details

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Symposium #236
CE Offered: BACB
Improving Safety in the Community
Sunday, May 24, 2009
1:30 PM–2:50 PM
North 131 A
Area: CSE/CBM; Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
Chair: Kimberly V. Beck (ABA Solutions, Inc.)
CE Instructor: Richard G. Smith, Ph.D.
Abstract: This symposium will consist of four papers discussing recent research concerning safety in community settings. Kimberly Beck will discuss research on evaluating a commercially-available abduction prevention program and using in situ training to teach abduction prevention skills to children. Jennifer Pan-Skadden will talk about her research on using behavioral skills training and in situ training to teach safety skills to lost children. Danielle Deller will discuss research conducted evaluating the effectiveness of prompts and incentives as a package intervention on the number of designated drivers leaving a bar near a college campus. Finally, Kari Woznick will discuss research concerning the use of visual and verbal prompts as an additional intervention to increasing seat belt use of high school drivers.
The Evaluation of a Commercially-Available Abduction Prevention Program
KIMBERLY V. BECK (ABA Solutions, Inc.), Raymond G. Miltenberger (University of South Florida)
Abstract: Child abduction is a serious problem; therefore, it is essential that researchers evaluate the efficacy of currently available abduction prevention programs. A multiple baseline design across participants (ages 6-8) was used to evaluate the effects of a training program, The Safe Side. Safety responses were assessed in situ within two different situations (knock on the door and interaction by a stranger in public). Results revealed that participants did not demonstrate the safety skills following Safe Side training. All participants subsequently received in situ training implemented by the parent. Additional assessments and in situ training were conducted until each participant performed the skills to criterion. All participants demonstrated criterion performance following in situ training and maintained the skills over time.
The Use of Behavioral Skills Training and In-Situ Training to Teach Children to Solicit Help When Lost
JENNIFER M PAN-SKADDEN (Florida Institute of Technology), David A. Wilder (Florida Institute of Technology), Jessica Sparling (Florida Tech), Erica Severtson (University of Kansas), Jeanne Donaldson (University of Florida), Gracie Beavers (University of Florida), Nicole J. Postma (Florida Institute of Technology), Pamela L. Neidert (University of Kansas)
Abstract: Behavioral skills training (BST) was combined with in-situ training to teach young children to solicit help when they become lost from a caregiver at a store. Three children were taught to approach a cashier, tell the cashier their name, and inform the cashier that they are lost. A multiple baseline design across participants was used to evaluate the effects of training. One of the three participants successfully met the criterion with the BST + in situ training treatment package alone, and the other two participants required an incentive to meet the criterion. All participants maintained the safety skill at follow-up evaluations.
A Public Benefit Analysis of Designated Drivers
DANIELLE J DELLER (Florida State University/Behavior Management Consu), Richard Kazbour (Florida State University), Yaz Aboul (Florida State University), Ann Saksefski (Florida State University)
Abstract: College bars across the country are consistently creating opportunities for college aged populations to drink and drive by offering happy hours, college nights, and other drink specials daily. In many cases the opportunity to consume alcohol and have a good time far outweighs the possibility of any negative effects associated with drinking and driving. The use of a designated driver by these individuals is a rare occurrence. Most students fail to utilize designated drivers as a safety precaution. The present study evaluated the effects of prompts and incentives as an intervention to increase the number of designated drivers who identified themselves at a bar. The dependent variable was the number of individuals present who self-identified themselves as designated drivers, had at least one passenger riding in their car that night, agreed to a breathalyzer test, and was found to have a BAC under 0.05. An ABAB design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of prompts and incentives as a package intervention on the number of designated drivers leaving the bar. Results showed that the intervention was successful at increasing the number of self-identified designated drivers.
Improving Safe Driving Among Teens by Increasing Seat Belt Use at a Local High School
Kari Woznick (Florida State University), MEREDITH A. WHITE (Florida State University), Megan Bausch (Florida State University), Jessica K Andrews (Florida State University)
Abstract: Based on recent reports of unsafe driving behavior during lunch-time in local high school students, this study used an A-B-C-D research design to increase seat belt use among eleventh and twelfth grade students of Mosley High School. As this study began, a natural intervention was implemented by the Florida Department of Transportation including surveys, school incentives, providing give-a-ways, and an actor impersonator. The current intervention consisted of visual prompts through the school television system and verbal prompts through the teachers. There was a noticeable increase in the frequency of safety belt use during this phase. Despite the limitations of this study, the researchers found that a simple and cost-effective intervention can be effective in changing a socially significant behavior.



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