Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


10th International Conference; Stockholm, Sweden; 2019

Event Details

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Paper Session #103
Cultural Competency and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
Monday, September 30, 2019
3:00 PM–3:50 PM
Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre, Level 2, Meeting Room 24/25
Chair: Parsla Vintere (CHE Senior Psycholgical Services; Elaine Kaufman Cultural Center)
Behavioral Contingency Analysis: From Freud and Morita to ACT
Area: PCH
Domain: Theory
PARSLA VINTERE (CHE Senior Psycholgical Services; Elaine Kaufman Cultural Center)
Abstract: There is a great emphasis placed on the importance of cultural sensitivity in psychotherapy. In contrast, the effect of the cultural milieu on development of psychotherapy techniques and their behavioral contingencies has received relatively little attention. Contemporary Western psychotherapy approaches, such as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, utilize techniques that are influenced by Eastern philosophy to treat anxiety. The present paper looks at two influential figures in the history of psychology – Sigmund Freud, representing Western approach and Shoma Morita, representing Eastern approach. While Freud’s psychoanalysis is well known all over the world, Morita’s therapy may not be. Both Freud and Morita had similar educational and occupational backgrounds and they were contemporaries. There are similarities in their theories, but what set them apart was deeply imbedded in their cultural experience. Thus, culture is looked at as a determining factor in the development of treatment techniques. The similarities and differences in structuring treatments dealing with anxiety for the two theories will be examined and their relation to contemporary Western psychotherapy discussed. Behavioral contingency analysis is used to examine the treatment structure of Freud’s psychoanalysis, Morita therapy and ACT.

CANCELED: Cultural Competency: A Contextual Behaviour Science Approach

Area: CSS
Domain: Theory
TIFFANY DUBUC (Florida Institute of Technology; The Chicago School of Professional Psychology )

Cultural discrimination may be conceptualized as the systemic disempowerment of groups of individuals. These groups may be defined based on nationality, race, religion, language or any other socially defined constructs. Discrimination may be more or less apparent across countries, cultures and sub-cultures. A radical behaviourist perspective of discrimination includes the underlying assumption of deterministic selection; that is, behaviours involved in practices of discrimination are understood as being selected by the environments in which they occur. In addition, cultural competency has been identified as a critical repertoire for behaviour analysts (Fong, Ficklin & Lee, 2017). In this talk, participants will be exposed to a Psychological Flexibility model of cultural competency, with an emphasis on values as verbal stimuli which may alter the reinforcement function of those responses previously involved in direct and aversive conditions. The ACT Matrix will be explored as a tool for facilitating culturally-competent clinical practices amongst teams. It is hypothesized that an approach to cultural competency which is based in contextual behaviour science will be more meaningful and effective than traditional “rule-based” approaches (which may prove to be ineffective or even counter-productive). This presentation is applicable to all clinicians looking to strengthen the their cultural competency repertoires, and those of their team members.




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