Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


36th Annual Convention; San Antonio, TX; 2010

Workshop Details

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Workshop #W36
CE Offered: BACB
Motivating Learner Participation Without Blocking Escape, Forced Physical Prompts, or Nagging
Friday, May 28, 2010
6:00 PM–9:00 PM
Republic A (Grand Hyatt)
Area: AUT/VRB; Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
CE Instructor: Claudia Dozier, Ph.D.
ROBERT SCHRAMM (Institute Knospe-ABA)
Description: The goal of this workshop is to discuss the importance of learner assent and the effect it has on skill acquisition. The ability to gain learner assent through the development of instructional control is an absolute must in teaching children with and without autism spectrum disorders. However, one of the main procedures used in basic compliance training (blocking escape) works contrary to the idea of learner assent. So the question then becomes, how can instructional control be developed with an unwilling learner without the use of common escape extinction procedures? And what effect does the process of earning instructional control without these procedures have on the ultimate skill acquisition of the learner? This workshop shares a method of earning instructional control with unwilling learners through a seven-step procedure that when applied comprehensively in programming can eschew the need for blocking escape, forced physical prompting, and nagging procedures in programming.
Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of this workshop, participants will have learned the following: 1. to value the importance of learner assent in home, clinic, and education settings; 2. creative and practical methods for controlling the access to reinforcement in all environments; 3. the value and process of pairing oneself with reinforcement; 4. the value and process of being meticulously contingent with words and actions; 5. the differences between positive and negative reinforcement and why one is valuable in earning instructional control with an unwilling learner; 6. to effectively use and increase a variable ratio of reinforcement; 7. to prioritize learning objectives and use differential reinforcement effectively; 8. how to best use extinction and negative punishment procedures; 9. the concept of a teaching arc and how to prolong the value of teaching over several different reinforcement teaching settings for the length of teaching interactions.
Activities: The workshop will include discussion, a video demonstration, a lecture on the seven steps to earning instructional control, and the development of a teaching arc.
Audience: Anyone working with unwilling or unmotivated learners who are interested in working without blocking escape, forced physical prompting, or nagging procedures, including parents, teachers, therapists, and behavior analysts.
Content Area: Practice
Instruction Level: Intermediate



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