Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


34th Annual Convention; Chicago, IL; 2008

Event Details

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Paper Session #429
International Paper Session - Behavior-Analytic Interpretations of Traditional Psychological Concepts
Monday, May 26, 2008
1:30 PM–2:50 PM
Area: TPC
Chair: Mitch Fryling (University of Nevada, Reno)
A Behavior Analysis of Motivation and Emotion.
Domain: Theory
MASAYA SATO (Seisa University)
Abstract: In this paper, I defined motivation and emotion in terms of behavior analysis and pointed problems to be solved in motivation and emotion. A behavioral definition of motivation: The conditions which strengthen the reinforcing power of a specific positive or negative reinforcer and increase the probability of the emission of the operant that has been reinforced by the reinforcer. A behavioral definition of emotion: The activation of autonomic nerve system and the manifestations of specific expressive behavior by the appearance or disappearance of positive or negative reinforcer. In humans, emotion usually accompanies the naming of emotion such as joy, sadness, surprise, fear, anger, or disgust. Problems to be solved in motivation: What kinds of unlearned positive and negative reinforcers are there, and what is the interaction among them? Problem to be solved in emotion: What kind of establishment operation does each emotion function as?
Memory, Memorizing and Remembering.
Domain: Theory
MITCH FRYLING (University of Nevada, Reno), Linda J. Parrott Hayes (University of Nevada, Reno)
Abstract: The field of memory is large and studied by many in the field of psychology. The work in this area is dominated by theories involving mentalism and biological reductionism. In addition, this work often focuses on a particular type of remembering interaction that can be characterized as memorization. This paper distinguishes between different types of remembering interactions from an interbehavioral perspective. The role of stimulus substitution is described in the context of more common remembering interactions.
Revisting The Milgram Experiments: Obedience or Rule-Governed Behavior?
Domain: Theory
JOHN E. GLASS (Collin County Community College)
Abstract: Milgram's classic experiments were intended to probe obedience to authority. But did they? An alternative interpretation of the dynamics and outcomes of the experiments suggests that they did not reveal obedience to authority, but rather provided profound evidence for rule-governed behavior. This paper reinterprets Milgram's findings from a behavior analytic perspective; specifically, a reinterpretation utilizing Skinner's notion of controlling agencies and empirical and theoretical work on social rules that govern behavior.



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