Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


45th Annual Convention; Chicago, IL; 2019

Event Details

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Invited Paper Session #204
CE Offered: PSY/BACB

Effort Manipulations to Increase Recycling and Reduce Waste

Sunday, May 26, 2019
9:00 AM–9:50 AM
Hyatt Regency East, Ballroom Level, Grand Ballroom AB
Area: CSS; Domain: Applied Research
Instruction Level: Intermediate
CE Instructor: Jennifer Fritz, Ph.D.
Chair: Todd A. Ward (bSci21 Media, LLC)
JENNIFER FRITZ (University of Houston-Clear Lake)
Jennifer Fritz is an Associate Professor of behavior analysis at the University of Houston-Clear Lake. She serves as Director of the Severe Behavior Disorders Research Clinic and Co-Director of the Connecting the Dots program at UHCL's Center for Autism and Developmental Disabilities, as well as Director of the Behavior Analysis Program at Texas Children's Hospital's Autism Center. Dr. Fritz serves on the Editorial Board of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, as a member of the Advisory Board for the TxABA Public Policy Group, and is the Program Chair for the Professional Track of the Texas Association for Behavior Analysis annual conference. In the past, she has served as President of TxABA and Secretary of the TxABA Public Policy Group, as well as Program Chair of the Autism Track for the TxABA annual conference and co-chair of the Autism Track for the Association for Behavior Analysis International. Her research interests include the assessment and treatment of behavior disorders, caregiver training and coaching, and sustainability issues such as increasing recycling and reducing use of single-use materials.

Human reliance on plastic, especially single-use plastic items, has produced devastating effects on the environment. Extensive change and clean-up is needed to improve current conditions; however, behavior analysis is well-suited to provide direction and data on strategies to change human behavior in more environmentally friendly ways. Strategies to effectively increase recycling and reduce reliance on single-use plastics are urgently needed. This talk will discuss studies conducted in a university setting to increase recycling behavior and reduce plastic waste. Both studies involved manipulations of effort to produce desirable change in behavior. Advantages and disadvantages of both approaches will be discussed, and suggestions for avenues of future research and collaboration will be offered.

Target Audience:

Behavior analysts, researchers, organizations seeking to improve recycling.

Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of the presentation, participants will be able to: (1) describe how the placement of recycling bins influences recycling behavior; (2) describe the impact of signs posted by the door on recycling behavior; (3) describe the advantages and disadvantages of different effort manipulation approaches to increase recycling.



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