Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


Fourth International Conference; Australia, 2007

Event Details

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Paper Session #80
Behavioural Interventions for Fostering Independence and Supporting Employment in People with Developmental Disabilities
Tuesday, August 14, 2007
2:00 PM–2:50 PM
L2 Room 4
Area: DDA
Chair: Charles Dukes (Florida Atlantic University)
A Review of Employment and Pre-Employment Interventions for Individuals with Significant Disabilities.
Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
CHARLES DUKES (Florida Atlantic University), Pamela Lamar-Dukes (Florida Atlantic University )
Abstract: A review was conducted of intervention studies designed to ameliorate problem behavior exhibited by individuals with significant disabilities in work or educational settings while learning employment skills. A number of articles were analyzed regarding content, methodology, and results. Select journals were chosen for review; those most likely to publish intervention research using single-subject methodology (e.g., Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis). Articles published beginning in 1973 or the first year of publication for the journal to 2005 were searched for relevant articles. A modified coding system based on previous reviews of intervention research was used to code each article selected for review. The presenters will share the coding system as well as results from the review. Finally, the presenters will share general conclusions about intervention research for individuals with developmental disabilities and the current state of knowledge regrading single-subject methodology.
Fostering Independence for Adult Living through Effective Intervention: A Review of the Literature.
Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
JENNY E. TUZIKOW (Devereux C.A.R.E.S.), Karen M. Neifer (Devereux C.A.R.E.S.), Todd Harris (Devereux C.A.R.E.S.)
Abstract: In general, research suggests that simulation training and community-based instruction are effective interventions for developing transition skills for individuals with developmental disabilities. Despite early studies that compared in-vivo and simulation training, the momentum on this line of research has slowed significantly during recent years. More recently, community-based instruction was utilized as the primary teaching method of transitional skills. A renewed interest in examining simulation training has emerged with the advent of a recent publication by Lattimore, Parsons, and Reid in 2006. In this presentation, we review the available research on teaching individuals the necessary skills for successful independent living. More than 50 studies were reviewed on teaching leisure, vocational, and activities of daily living to identify essential components of related interventions. Based upon the review of available literature practical applications will be presented on the implications of combining simulation training with community-based instruction to maximize learning for students with developmental disabilities.



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