Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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10th International Conference; Stockholm, Sweden; 2019

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Poster Session #57
OBM Poster Session
Sunday, September 29, 2019
5:30 PM–7:00 PM
Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre, Level 4, Balcony
35. Behavioral Safety in the Dental Surgery
Area: OBM; Domain: Applied Research
LISA MARIA ZEITLER (University of Applied Sciences Würzburg-Schweinfurt), Christoph F. Bördlein (University of Applied Sciences Würzburg-Schweinfurt)
Abstract: According to an analysis from Business Insider (based on data from the Occupational Information Network, a US Department of Labor database) the jobs of dentists, dental surgeons, and dental assistants are the most damaging to health. Among other, employees in this field are exposed to contaminants and to disease and infections. Another health risk is the time spent sitting and in ergonomically risky postures. In the current study, a checklist with critical behaviors and behavioral products (results of behaviors) was used to assess the level of safety in a dental surgery with seven employees. After baseline observations and task clarification, verbal and graphic feedback, goal setting and tangible reinforcers were used to modify the safety related behaviors of the employees. For all items on the checklist, the %safe was 79.57 % during baseline. During intervention, the mean %safe was 88.88 %, whereupon the final level was 95 %. Follow-Up observations showed a decline in %safe after the feedback ended. Three of the four partial indices of the checklist showed improvements of 12 % to 33 % in %safe.
 
36. Comparing Three Staff Training Modalities to Teach Skills of Increasing Complexity
Area: OBM; Domain: Applied Research
JULIYA KRASNOPOLSKY (Melmark New England), Jill Harper (Melmark New England)
Abstract:

Various staff training strategies have previously been evaluated to determine how to improve staff performance of large groups across a variety of skills. Although shown to be effective, training strategies are often implemented in a one-on-one format with skilled supervisors, requiring extensive resources in terms of cost and time. The present study compared three staff training formats – in-vivo, video, and computer-based training – plus behavioral skills training (BST) components to determine effectiveness and efficiency of each format on staff performance during an orientation training. Using a multiple-probe design, effects of each modality on performance of each participant was measured across three content areas – best practice strategies, prompt and prompt fading, and group instruction - and nine increasingly complex skills via role-plays with scripted scenarios. Additionally, generalization probes were conducted with students with autism, during which student outcomes were measured as well. Maintenance data were collected for six months following intervention. Results were reported for both performance-based and knowledge-based competencies across participants in an orientation training. A cost and time analysis was conducted to determine efficiency of each training format.

 
 

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