|Improving the Social Validity and Accessibility of Functional Analysis and Treatment
|Tuesday, May 27, 2014
|12:00 PM–12:50 PM
|W184bc (McCormick Place Convention Center)
|Chair: Seth B. Clark (Marcus Autism Center)
|Increasing the Social Validity and Practical Implementation of Multiple Schedules to Treat Severe Problem Behavior
|Domain: Applied Research
|SETH B. CLARK (Marcus Autism Center), Nathan Call (Marcus Autism Center), Andrea R. Reavis (Marcus Autism Center), Joanna Lomas Mevers (Marcus Autism Center), Megan Kliebert (Marcus Autism Center)
|Abstract: Studies have indicated that multiple schedules can be effective tools to produce discriminated manding while maintaining low rates of problem behavior (Fisher, Kuhn, & Thompson, 1998; Hanley, Iwata, & Thompson, 2001; Tiger & Hanley, 2004, 2005). However, treatment strategies that include multiple schedules can often be cumbersome, difficult to implement and lack generality. The purpose of the current investigation was to evaluate a task analysis designed to increase the practicality of a multiple schedule treatment protocol, as well as extend the schedule thinning component to include separate schedules for different items. Participants were four individuals with developmental disabilities who engaged in severe behavior. Prior to completing this task analysis, participants first completed a schedule thinning protocol designed to maintain discriminated manding while thinning the schedule of reinforcement to a terminal goal of a 10 min in the presence of the SDELTA. Next, participants completed a series of steps that increased the number of preferred items and placed item availability on an alternating VR/VT schedule of reinforcement. Overall, discriminated manding was observed with all four participants and manding maintained when the schedule of reinforcement was varied.
Application of a Pyramidal Training Model on the Implementation of Trial-Based Functional Analysis
|Domain: Service Delivery
|FAISAL ALNEMARY (University of California, Los Angeles), Lusineh Gharapetian (Special Education for Exceptional Kids ), Michele D. Wallace (California State University, Los Angeles), Jordan Yassine (Special Education for Exceptional Kids ), Fahad Alnemary Alnemary (CSULA/UCLA )
We employed a pyramidal training model (PTM) to teach the correct implementation and data collection of trial-based functional analysis (TBFA) for self-injurious behaviors. In the first phase, a non-concurrent multiple baseline design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of group-format training for four behavioral consultants (BCs). In the second phase, each BC trained one behavior technician (BT) by applying the same training content in an individualized setting. Treatment integrity data were collected for their implementation of the training procedures (i.e., didactic training, video modeling, role play). The results demonstrate that the PTM was successful in teaching all BCs and BTs to implement the TBFA correctly. In addition, a generalization probe with a different topography of problem behavior (i.e., aggression) was conducted for one BC and four BTs and all performed with 100% accuracy. These findings corroborate the utility of PTM in clinical settings, when access to experts such as BCBA might be limited.