Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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38th Annual Convention; Seattle, WA; 2012

Program by Special Events: Saturday, May 26, 2012


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Special Event #6
Pilates and Yoga Session Hosted by the Health, Sports, and Fitness Special Interest Group
Saturday, May 26, 2012
7:00 AM–7:50 AM
Willow A (Sheraton)
Chair: Amanda N. Adams (California State University, Fresno)
Presenting Authors:

Participants are welcome to come enjoy a yoga and Pilates workout led by certified instructors. There is no experience necessary to participate in this moderate exercise session. Wear comfortable clothes and bring a towel or mat. You will strengthen and stretch tired conference muscles. This event is held in partnership with the Health, Sports and Fitness SIG.

 
 
Special Event #7
Closed Meeting: Special Interest Group Leadership Training
Saturday, May 26, 2012
9:00 AM–11:00 AM
Aspen (Sheraton)
Chair: Richard W. Malott (Western Michigan University)

At the special interest group (SIG) leadership training, learn strategies for building and growing vibrant SIGs. Network and brainstorm with other leaders—from SIGs of all sizes, types, and locations. Christy Alligood, of the Applied Animal Behavior SIG, will make a presentation on “Legal and Financial Aspects of SIG Management,” describing the benefits of formally incorporating your SIG as a nonprofit organization, and will detail the steps and tools needed to establish your SIG legally and financially. Joshua K. Pritchard, of the Dissemination of Behavior Analysis SIG will present “Policies and Procedures for Ensuring Organized Succession Planning: Learning From Our Mistakes.” This presentation will provide some important techniques to ensure institutional memory, codify important aspects of your SIG and create the foundation for a successful organization gleaned from mis-steps, hiccoughs, and a few successes over the course of a SIG’s development.

Training will conclude with presenter/audience beakout sessions. Join Drs. Alligood or Pritchard in moderated discussions on the development strategies outlined in their presentations.
Although the training is free for up to three officers per SIG, advance registration is required.

This event is closed; attendance is by invitation only.

 
 
Special Event #8
Parents, Professionals, and Students: Welcome to the ABAI Annual Convention
Saturday, May 26, 2012
10:00 AM–10:50 AM
401 (Convention Center)
Chair: Jennifer Hieminga (New Haven Learning Centre)

Parents and other caregivers of individuals with special needs as well as professionals and students are attending the ABAI convention in increasing numbers but may have questions about how to make the most of the experience. Furthermore, an event as large as ABAI may seem overwhelming to newcomers. Parents, professionals and students who may be attending ABAI for the first time are encouraged to participate in this convention orientation and visit our

website. We will provide an overview of ABAI and its convention and highlight the types of events that parents, professionals and students will encounter.

Keyword(s): autism, orientation, parents, students
 
 
Special Event #9
Opening Event and Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis Awards
Saturday, May 26, 2012
11:30 AM–12:50 PM
6BC (Convention Center)
Chair: Michael J. Dougher (University of New Mexico)
 

Award for Distinguished Service to Behavior Analysis: Maria E. Malott, Ph.D. (Association for Behavior Analysis International)

Abstract:

The Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI) has been in existence for 39 years. In the last 20 years, the field has diversified its scientific undertakings and has experienced accelerated demand for behavior-analysis services across various domains, most notably autism treatment. ABAI has adjusted to these demands, while growing at a rapid rate: In the last 20 years, membership has grown from 2,412 to 6,411 (266%); registration at the annual convention, from 2,894 to 4,543 (157%); chapters, from 31 to 75 (245%); and special interest groups, from 20 to 34 (170%). While adjusting to external demands, ABAI has offered a variety of specialized events, increased the number of its publications, and offered diverse new services—all highly rated by our members. During this period, ABAI has also developed a solid infrastructure that grew from 2 to more than 20 regular employees and nearly 40 seasonal staff, developed an elaborate and effective technical and process infrastructure, and acquired its own headquarters. I will share an inside perspective on the major challenges we have faced and accomplishments we have achieved in ABAI’s recent evolution and also the opportunities that lie ahead for the association and the discipline.

 
MARIA E. MALOTT (ABAI)
 
Dr. Maria E. Malott is CEO of the Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI), which she has administered since 1993. During this time and within a few short years, ABAI has risen from near-bankruptcy to become a financially stable, growing scientific and professional organization. Her past experience includes serving as Vice President of Manufacturing at a midwestern injection molding company and president and founder of Malott and Associates, through which for 14 years she consulted for advertising agencies, restaurants, retail and manufacturing companies, hotels, banks, governmental organizations, and nonprofit institutions. Her clients have included Meijer, Inc.; Kellogg’s; Pharmacia & Upjohn; General Motors Corporation; and others. Throughout her career, Dr. Malott has combined the analysis of metacontigencies and behavioral contingencies in managing complex systems and, in the process, has taught dozens of corporate executives to appreciate the power of organizational behavior management technology. Dr. Malott has presented nearly 200 papers, taught 34 workshops, and lectured in 37 universities in 18 countries, and is an affiliated faculty in three universities. She has served on four editorial boards and is the author of the book Paradox of Organizational Change, published in Spanish and English and co-author of Elementary Principles of Behavior  2e. She is a Fellow of ABAI and was the recipient of the 2003 Award for International Dissemination of Behavior Analysis from the Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis, the 2004 Award for Outstanding Contributions to Organizational Behavior Management, from the Organizational Behavior Management Network, and the 2002 Outstanding Alumni Award from the Department of Psychology at Western Michigan University.
 

Award for International Dissemination of Behavior Analysis: Andy Bondy, Ph.D. (Pyramid Educational Consultants, Inc. )

Abstract:

The first conference presentations about the Picture Exchange Communication System--PECS--were presented in the late 1980s. The first publication about PECS described its initial use in a behaviorally oriented program in Peru. Since that time, hundreds of thousands people have attended workshops on PECS and the Pyramid Approach to Education around the world. The effective implementation of PECS requires the application of many strategies developed within the area of broad spectrum behavior analysis. The popularity of PECS has helped attract large numbers of professionals (and family members) outside of the field of behavior analysis and has offered them a functional perspective on language development and a host of teaching issues. Citations of key research and review articles support its appeal. The PECS Manual has a circulation of over 300,000 copies in ten languages supported by Pyramid consultant teams in a dozen countries. Workshops, consultation and products developed by Pyramid Educational Consultants, Inc. have introduced the relevance of not only focusing on observable behavior but also on the issue of behavior under what conditions. In this way, the strategies required to teach functional communication has been promoted as not only relevant to picture-based systems but to all communication modalities, and indeed, to all types of lessons.

 
ANDY BONDY (Pyramid Educational Consultants)
 
Andy Bondy, Ph.D., has over 40 years experience working with children and adults with autism and related developmental disabilities. For more than a dozen years he served as the Director of a statewide public school program for students with autism. He and his wife, Lori Frost, pioneered the development of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS). He designed the Pyramid Approach to Education as a comprehensive combination of broad-spectrum behavior analysis and functional communication strategies. He is a co-founder of Pyramid Educational Consultants, Inc., an internationally based team of specialists from many fields working together to promote integration of the principles of applied behavior analysis within functional activities and an emphasis on developing functional communication skills. He currently serves as Vice-Chair of the Board of Directors for the Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies.
 

Award for Scientific Translation: Charles Fergus Lowe, Ph.D. and Pauline Horne, Ph.D. (Bangor University)

Abstract:

Behavior analysis could be much more successful than it has been in dealing with many of the most pressing issues that beset contemporary society. Governments across the globe are now seeking behavior change solutions to prevent costly health, social, financial, and environmental problems. This presents great opportunities for behavior analysts to demonstrate that they have the knowledge and skills to change society for the better. Our research can be seen as an attempt to do just that. We chose the biggest public health problem of our time—obesity—and set about devising an intervention that incorporated a range of behavioral principles. The resultant program is known as the Food Dudes, and it has been uniquely successful in bringing about large and long-lasting changes in the eating habits of 2–11-year-olds and their parents. It has been adopted by the Irish government for all primary schools, and more than 300,000 children and their families have participated so far. It is now being rolled out to regions in England, initially to 50,000 children. Successful pilots have also been conducted in the USA and Italy. Recognition has come from various quarters, including the World Health Organization, which gave us an award for combating obesity; we also recently won the Chief Medical Officer’s Gold Medal Award in the UK.

 
CHARLES FERGUS LOWE (Bangor University), PAULINE HORNE (Bangor University)
 
A graduate of Trinity College, Dublin, Fergus Lowe is Professor of Psychology at Bangor University, Wales. His early research was concerned with temporal control of responding on schedules of reinforcement, and later focussed on inter-species similarities and differences and, in particular, the transformative role of verbal behavior. This led in turn to research on the development of operant behavior in children and studies of adult human behavior in clinical and non-clinical populations. With Dr Pauline Horne, he has produced a new theoretical account of early language development, specifically 'naming', and its role in bringing about apparently emergent relations. In recent years he has developed, with Dr Horne, a programme that is very effective in bringing about large and long-lasting changes in children's diets.  This award-winning programme, The Food Dudes, is being introduced to all primary schools nationally by the Irish Government, to regions of the UK, and is attracting interest in several other countries. Professor Lowe led the Experimental Analysis of Behaviour Group in the UK for many years. As one passionate about the advancement of behavior analysis in Europe, he helped to initiate the first European-wide meetings of behavior analysts and was the first Chair of the European Association for Behaviour Analysis.
 
Her research in the areas of children’s learning and the psychology of food choice is published in leading international journals and books.  With her colleague, Professor Fergus Lowe, she has developed an intervention – known as The Food Dudes - that brings about large scale and long lasting increases in children’s consumption of fruit and vegetables.  Its success in combating obesity has been recognised by awards from the World Health Organisation and the Caroline Walker Trust.  The Programme is currently being introduced into all primary schools in Ireland and selected regions of England.  It is also being piloted in a number of other countries.
 

Award for Enduring Programmatic Contributions to Behavior Analysis: University of North Texas Department of Behavior Analysis

Abstract:

The Department of Behavior Analysis at the University of North Texas has established a long tradition of leadership in teaching, service, and scholarship of behavior analysis. Its forerunner, the Center for Behavioral Studies, began in 1971 offering practicum training for UNT students through its Autism Treatment Center, its Behavior Contracting Service and its Behavior Exchange Clinic. It morphed into the Center for Behavior Analysis in 1983 when courses in behavior analysis were first introduced on the UNT campus. In 1993, it became the nation’s first stand-alone Department of Behavior Analysis, thereby initiating a long line of firsts: the first graduate program accredited by the Association for Behavior Analysis, the first undergraduate degree in Applied Behavior Analysis, and the first online program to provide coursework required for professionals seeking certification by the Behavior Analysis Certification Board. Along with these “firsts,” the department has enjoyed a longstanding reputation for excellence for its work in autism and related disabilities, basic human operant research, behavior and cultural analysis, applied behavior analysis with animals, and more. The department’s stellar Master of Science program has attracted students from all across the United States as well as the U.K., Iceland, Norway, Japan, Colombia, and Brazil, to name a few. Accreditation reviews of the program have deemed it to be “rigorous and broad, focusing equally on basic and applied aspects of behavior analysis”, and have concluded that “ students who complete this program have experienced a course of study more like one might expect in a doctoral program than in a master’s level program.” The faculty has been described as “world class” and its research and service efforts as “cutting edge.” Above all, the department values community, with professors who genuinely care about their students and the people (and nonhuman animals!) they serve, as well as doing all we can to promote the viability of our discipline and sustainability of our culture. We work hard, have fun, and try to do good, and we hope to continue to build on our history of enduring contributions to behavior analysis – as well as the larger culture – for a long, long time.

 
RICHARD G. SMITH (University of North Texas), SIGRID S. GLENN (University of North Texas)
 
 
 
 
 
Special Event #12
SQAB Tutorial: An Invitation to Probability With Spreadsheet Simulations
Saturday, May 26, 2012
1:00 PM–1:50 PM
608 (Convention Center)
Area: EAB; Domain: Basic Research
Chair: Alliston K. Reid (Wofford College)
Presenting Authors: : ARMANDO MACHADO (Universidade do Minho)
Abstract:

In this tutorial I will review some fundamental ideas concerning the theory of probability. I will concentrate on the Poisson, Exponential, and Gamma random variables, review their properties, show how they are interrelated, illustrate their uses in modelling behaviour and learning, and simulate them in a spreadsheet. I will conclude with some notes concerning the Poisson Process and apply it to timing and concurrent choice.

 
ARMANDO MACHADO (Universidade do Minho)
Armando Machado was an undergraduate student in Portugal, studied for two years in Belgium, and then in 1993 obtained his Ph.D. with John Staddon at Duke University. His doctoral research on the conditions in which pigeons generate highly variable behavior received the Annual Dissertation Award from Division 25 of APA. From 1994 till 2000 Armando was a professor at Indiana University (first Assistant and then Associate with tenure). In 2001 he moved to the University of Minho in the North of Portugal where he continues to study a variety of issues pertaining to behavior and learning (e.g., time and number discrimination, choice). In most of his studies, Armando contrasts data with the predictions of simple mathematical models of behavior. His work has been published in various journals (e.g., JEAB, Psychological Review, Psychological Science, Behavior and Philosophy, etc) and funded by NIH and the Portuguese Science Foundation. He served as Associate Editor of Psychonomic Bulletin & Review and is currently a member of the editorial board of several journals. In collaboration with Francisco Silva from the University of Redlands, Armando has published a graphics-based workbook to be used in the teaching of learning. He is past Program Chair and past President of the Society for the Quantitative Analysis of Behavior.
 
 
Special Event #37
SQAB Tutorial: Behavioral Models of Conditional Discrimination: Detection and Matching to Sample
Saturday, May 26, 2012
2:00 PM–2:50 PM
608 (Convention Center)
Area: EAB; Domain: Basic Research
Chair: Timothy A. Shahan (Utah State University)
Presenting Authors: : JOHN A. NEVIN (University of New Hampshire)
Abstract:

Quantitative models of conditional discrimination performance, based on well-established behavioral processes such as matching to relative reinforcement, effects of reinforcement on resistance to change, and stimulus generalization, can account for many findings of studies with nonhuman animals in signal-detection and matching-to-sample paradigms. This tutorial will provide a guided tour of these models as they have developed since 1978, explain their quantitative structures, and discuss their strengths and limitations in their confrontation with systematic data sets. The models to be discussed will be available as spreadsheets so that students and researchers can explore their properties and apply them to their own data.

 
JOHN A. NEVIN (University of New Hampshire)
After completing undergraduate studies in mechanical engineering at Yale University in 1954 and serving in the Coast Guard for 5 years, John A. (Tony) Nevin went to Columbia University for graduate work in experimental psychology.  He studied color vision with C. H. Graham and signal detection with W. J. McGill, and participated in research with W. W. Cumming and R. Berryman on matching to sample in pigeons.  His doctoral dissertation, directed by W. N. Schoenfeld, was concerned with schedules of conditioned reinforcement.  After receiving his Ph.D. in 1963, he taught at Swarthmore College until 1968.  He returned to Columbia from 1968 until 1972, where he served two years as department chair.  He then moved to the University of New Hampshire, where he taught until retiring in 1995.  The models discussed in this tutorial reflect the convergence of his interests in psychophysical and behavioral approaches to the effects of reinforcement on discrimination and resistance to change.
 
 
Special Event #61
SQAB Tutorial: A Behavioral Analysis of Altruism
Saturday, May 26, 2012
3:00 PM–3:50 PM
608 (Convention Center)
Area: EAB; Domain: Basic Research
Chair: Leonard Green (Washington University)
Presenting Authors: : HOWARD RACHLIN (Stony Brook University)
Abstract:

Altruistic acts may been defined as costly acts that confer economic benefits on others. (In behavioral terms: punished acts that reward others.) In prisoner's dilemma games, with human players, a significant number of players behave altruistically; their behavior benefits each of the other players but is costly to them. I propose that such altruism is based on a straightforward balancing of undiscounted costs to themselves against discounted benefits to others (social discounting). I will describe two experiments, using prisoner's dilemma games, that test this explanation of altruism. In one experiment, costs were held constant but the number of others (benefiting from cooperation) varied. In another experiment, with only two players, costs were again constant but the amount of other player's benefit varied directly. In both experiments, cooperation increased as benefits to the other player(s) increased.

 
HOWARD RACHLIN (Stony Brook University)
Howard Rachlin obtained a Ph.D. in psychology at Harvard University in 1965. He is currently a research professor and an Emeritus Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. He has published more than 100 articles, written six books including Behavior And Mind (Oxford University Press, 1994) and The Science of Self-Control (Harvard University Press, 2000), and edited two others. He has served on study sections for The National Institutes of Health (NIH) and The National Science Foundation (NSF). He is on the editorial boards of six journals. Since he received his Ph.D. his research (on choice, self-control, social cooperation, and experimental economics) has been continuously supported by grants from NIH and NSF including an NIH MERIT award. Among other honors he has been elected fellow at the American Psychological Society and the Society of Experimental Psychologists. He has been the recipient of a James McKeen Cattell Fellowship (1975-76), and an Award for the Impact of Science on Application from the Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis (2005). He was a visiting scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation (1988-89) and an invited speaker at the Nobel Symposium on Behavioral and Experimental Economics, Stockholm, Sweden (2001).
Keyword(s): Altruism, discounting
 
 
Special Event #79
SQAB Tutorial: Pavlovian Conditioning: It Is Not About the CR But About Modification of a Biobehavioral System
Saturday, May 26, 2012
4:00 PM–4:50 PM
608 (Convention Center)
Area: EAB; Domain: Basic Research
Chair: Doug Williams (University of Winnipeg)
Presenting Authors: : MICHAEL DOMJAN (University of Texas)
Abstract:

The paradigm example of Pavlovian conditioning is a dog salivating to a cue that occurs before the delivery of meat powder. Because conditioned salivation (the conditioned response or CR) reflects an association of the cue and the meat powder, Pavlovian conditioning became a favorite method of scientists whose primary interest was to elucidate the mechanisms of association learning. I will argue that this focus on a target conditioned response or respondent misses the broader biological significance of Pavlovian conditioning, which is to enable organisms to interact more effectively with significant biological events or unconditioned stimuli (USs). The broader perspective suggests that Pavlovian conditioning produces a wide range of behavioral and physiological adjustments that enable the organism not only to better prepare for the impending occurrence of the unconditioned stimulus but to also deal with the US more effectively at both the behavioral and physiological level. Thus, Pavlovian conditioning produces a reorganization of the biobehavioral system that is activated by the US. This broader perspective will be illustrated with examples from appetitive, aversive, and sexual conditioning.

 
MICHAEL DOMJAN (University of Texas)
Michael Domjan is Professor of Psychology at the University of Texas at Austin, where he has been teaching  since 1973. He was introduced to applied behavioral analysis at the Behavior Science Institute at Western Michigan University, before going on to obtain a Ph.D. in Biopsycholgy at McMaster University. At McMaster he worked with Shepard Siegel, who encouraged him to think more broadly about issues related to Pavlovian conditioning. Since then, Domjan has become noted for his functional approach to Pavlovian conditioning, which he has pursued in studies of sexual conditioning and taste aversion learning. He served as Editor of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes and was recipient of the G. Stanley Hall Award from the American Psychological Association and a MERIT Award from the National Institutes of Mental Health. At the University of Texas, he was Chair of the Psychology Department from 1999 to 2005, and was the founding Director of the University’s Imaging Research Center from 2005-2008. Domjan is a past President of the Pavlovian Society of North America and also served as President of the Division of Behavioral Neuroscience and Comparative Psychology of the American Psychological Association. His textbook, Principles of Learning and Behavior, is now in its 6th edition and has been widely used for the past 30 years in the United States, Canada, and various countries in Europe and South America.
Keyword(s): Pavlovian conditioning
 

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