Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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Seventh International Conference; Merida, Mexico; 2013

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Poster Session #51
DDA Posters
Monday, October 7, 2013
7:00 PM–9:00 PM
Gran Salon Yucatan (Fiesta Americana)
114. CANCELED: The Effect of Community-based Job Training on the Acquisition of Apartment Management Skills of a High School Student with Intellectual Disabilities
Area: DDA; Domain: Experimental Analysis
KYUNGSOOK KANG (Wonkwang University)
Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of community-based job training on the acquisition of apartment management skills of a student with intellectual disabilities. The participant was a high school student with intellectual disabilities who showed behavioral patters of autism. The target behavior which was the acquisition of apartment management skills consisted of three sub-skills: apartment cleaning, managing skills of entrance and exit, and parking management skill. The multiple baseline across behaviors design was used to investigate the effectiveness of the training program. The community based job training program used multiple instructional strategies such as task analysis, direct instruction, prompting, video modeling, role playing, self evaluation, token enforcement. The training program consisted of both community based teaching and classroom teaching. The result of the study indicated that all three sub-skills of the target behavior were successfully acquired by the participant. Also, the newly acquired skills were maintained following the termination of the intervention and generalized to different environmental settings. The result of the study were discussed in the perspective of transition education and functional life skills for students with developmental and intellectual disabilities.

 
115. The Effects of The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) on the Acquisition and Generalization of Mands for Adults with Developmental Disabilities and Sever Communication Deficits
Area: DDA; Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
MARY VON WITZLEBEN (ZDP Associates)
Abstract: Communication skills are necessary to meet basic needs; to express wants and desires; and to exercise self-determination and independence. When an individual does not speak functionally, alternative and augmentative communication (AAC) devices may be employed to provide a functional communication system. The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is an AAC system that is based on the principles of ABA and was originally used with young children diagnosed with Autism. Recently studies have examined the use of PECS with adults with developmental disabilities. Overall, these studies have found PECS to be effective in increasing the requesting skills in this population. This study examined the effects of implementing PECS with 6 adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities that did not have a functional communication program. A multiple baseline design across participants was implemented to evaluate the effects of PECS on requesting skills, the generalization of these skills to untrained persons and settings, and reduction in problem behaviors. Preliminary data indicate a significant increase in mands, their generalization across untrained persons and settings, and a decrease in undesirable behaviors.
 
 

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